Artificial Intelligence set to become the new way of life
LITERALLY speaking, Artificial Intelligence (A. I.) is a branch of science that deals with helping machines in finding solutions to complex problems in a more human-like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristics from human intelligence and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way.
A flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending on the requirements, which influences how artificial the intelligent behaviour appears.
A. I. is generally associated with Computer Science, but it has many important links with other fields such as Maths, Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy, among many others. It popularly believed among scientists that our ability to combine knowledge from all these fields will ultimately benefit our progress in the quest for creating an intelligent artificial being.
This branch of learning was discussed at length at the international conference Extrapianism: Towards Convergence of Human Values and Technology, ICECHVT 2013’, an initiative taken by the School of Engineering and Technology, Ansal University, Gurgaon.
The conference focussed on how when it comes to making complex judgement calls, computers can’t still replace people. But with artificial intelligence, computers could be trained to think like humans do.
Prof. Shampa Chakraverty, Head, Division of Computer Engineering at Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology threw more light on the subject.
A. I. involves emulating higher levels of human intelligence such as making decisions despite incomplete/ partial information and in the presence of approximate, imprecise and fuzzy understanding of the real world, which is further subject to continuous changes,” she said.
Chakraverty added that creativity is the source of all innovations, especially in A. I. “A. I.- driven technological approach comes from nature’s unique methods to find solutions to difficult problems like complex scheduling, market prediction, understanding the sentiments in voice/ text/ video etc. Creativity comes from being a keen observer of nature’s processes,” Chakraverty said.
Traditionally, the source of A. I. comes from studying engineering of various disciplines.
It is creativity and the pulse of innovation that make a difference. “Creativity also comes from recognising problems in everyday life and combining well- known and innovative techniques to solve them — wonderful apps have been developed this way. Students can, thus, explore nature to gain insights and explore rural and urban society to recognise where problems exist and can be solved,” Prof. Chakraverty said.
Debates about the social impact of creating intelligent machines have occupied people for decades. Opinions differ about the extent to which we should make machines intelligent and what these machines should look like.
The clash between A. I. and human values or rationality is also quite evident. Dr. Alok K Kushwaha, Professor and Associate Dean, School of Engineering and Technology at Ansal University said: “ Through research we know that technology is of great help to us, but lack of human values in this area pose ethical risks. So until we are able to converge human values with technology, a natural end seems unlikely,” he concluded.
Article Source: Mail Today