Ebola virus disease (EVD): Signs, Symptoms and Protections
On Tuesday the 12th August, 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) announced that 1,013 people have died during the outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone and nearly 2,000 others are infected.
As for India now, no suspect of the disease has been reported according to the statement released by the Union Health Minister.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is the human disease caused by the Ebola virus and three other closely related viruses in the genus Ebola virus. It is a hemorrhagic fever, meaning that victims may bleed inside the body or externally, and it has one of the highest case fatality rates of any disease, killing between 50% and 90% of victims.
The first suspected case of Ebola disease this season has been recorded at the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in the Ashanti regional capital, Kumasi. The case is said to have resulted in the death of the victim, April 6, 2014.
Ebola isnít as contagious as more common viruses like colds, influenza, or measles. It spreads to people by contact with the skin or bodily fluids of an infected animal, like a monkey, chimp, or fruit bat. Then it moves from person to person the same way. Those who care for a sick person or bury someone who has died from the disease often get it.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms start with a flu-like stage characterized by fatigue, fever, headaches, and joint, muscle, and abdominal pain. Vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite are also common. Less common symptoms are sore throat, chest pain, hiccups, shortness of breath and trouble swallowing.
The average time between contracting the infection and the start of symptoms is 8 to 10 days, but it can vary between 2 and 21 days. Skin manifestations may include a maculopapular rash (in about 50% of cases). Early symptoms of EVD may be similar to those of malaria, dengue fever, or other tropical fevers, before the disease progresses to the bleeding phase.
Sometimes it's hard to tell if a person has Ebola from the symptoms alone. Doctors may test to rule out other diseases like cholera or malaria.
Tests of blood and tissues also can diagnose Ebola.
To protect from the disease here are some of the Do's and Don'ts
- Always wash hand with soap before meal.
- Always cook your food properly.
- Go to health facility anytime you have headache, fever, pain,diarrhoea, res eyes rash and vomiting.
- Tell everyone you meet about the disease so they can be informed.
- Do not touch people with signs of Ebola or have died of Ebola.
- Do not touch clothes of people who have died of Ebola.
- Do not touch vomit, saliva, urine, blood of people with signs of Ebola or have died of Ebola.
- Do not play with monkey and baboons.
- Do not eat bush meat.
- Do not eat plums eaten by bats.
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