Nuclear accidents and holocaust
The release of large amounts of nuclear energy and radioactive products into the atmosphere. Nuclear energy was researched by man as an alternate source of energy compared to fossil fuels. Although this did happen along with the benefits came its downfall. In the short history of nuclear energy there has been a number of accidents that have surpassed any natural calamity. A single nuclear accident causes loss of life, long term illness and destruction of property on a large scale.
1. THE CARELESS SITING OF INDUSTRIES:
Bhopal gas tragedy: The careless siting of industries and relatively poor regulatory controls leads to ill health in the. The Bhopal gas tragedy on December 2nd 1984, where Union Carbide's Plant leaked 43 tons of Methyl Isocynate and other substances, used in the manufacture of pesticides is one of the worst industrial accidents in the recent past. Of the 5, 20,000 people who were exposed to the gas - 8,000 died during the first week and another 8,000 later. The impact of the survivors is visible even today.
2. CHERNOBYL REACTOR INCIDENT:
On April 25, 1986, Russian engineers and scientists begin preliminary tests on Chernobyl power plant's 4th reactor. In order to control the experiment, the automatic control system was shut down. After some work, stability was reached at very low power outputs. Unfortunately, manual control of the water pressure wasn't maintained. The reactor began to create excess heat. Without the automatic control, the control rods couldn't be reinserted in time; a deadly chain reaction had begun. Within a matter of 3-4 seconds, the reactor went from 5% output to 100 times its normal level. The water in the reactor flash-boiled, creating an explosion that leveled thousands of tons of concrete and steel, including the housing for the reactor. The steam carried almost 70% of the nuclear material out of the reactor into the surrounding environment. Several thousand volunteers died on the scene, and it is estimated that 7,000 to 10,000 volunteers died in total, considering short and long-term effects. Thousands of miles from the scene, the birth defect rate became double the world average. It is also estimated that 150,000 were put at risk for thyroid cancer, and over 800,000 children were put at risk of contracting leukemia. 2 million acres of land (1/5 of the usable farmland in the Ukraine) was, and still is, completely unusable. It remains difficult to determine the scope of the disaster; radiation resulting from the event was detected all over the globe. It is estimated that it may cost up to $400 billion and will take up to 200 years to correct the damage done to the area, and to compensate those affected by the meltdown.
- Suitable precautions to avoid accident
- Constant monitoring of the radiation level
- Checks and control measures done by Atomic Energy Regulatory Board.
Nuclear energy was researched by man as an alternate source of energy compared to fossil fuels. Although this did happen along with the benefits came its downfall. In the short history of nuclear energy there has been a number of accidents that have surpassed any natural calamity. A single nuclear accident causes loss of life, long term illness and destruction of property on a large scale.
- Nuclear winter
- Ignition of all combustible material