WCPT is committed to promoting physical therapists engagement at the organizational level when disasters strike, and to supporting member organizations with information to guide physical therapists so that they are well prepared and appropriately supported for being involved in disaster management.
Hazard: It is a perceived natural event which threatens both life and property.
A disaster is the realization of this hazard
It is defined as the geological process and it is an event concentrated in time and space in which a society or subdivision of a society undergoes severe danger and causes loss of its members and physical property.
TYPES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT: There are many different types of disasters, both natural and man-made, which occur in various countries throughout the world. When these disasters occur, an array of management teams is mobilized to properly clean up and manage these disasters. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) has specific ways of dealing with different disasters.
- Natural disasters –refers to those disasters that are generated by natural phenomena.
- Man-made disasters– refers to the disasters resulting from man-made hazards.
Awareness: HAO India a service motivated Organization, has got great Historical Acts, with dedicated minds and with strong beliefs. It has given the utmost help during the difficult t times by the poor and needy. Our Organization stands as Guide for their upliftments of lives.
HAO India is always with great compassion in conferring its shoulder to wipe out the tears of the people, who are affected by the natural calamities and disasters. Our organization has Administrator honoring conducted many awareness programs were conducted and made the people known to be away from the effect of any disaster that imbalances their lives.
Relief & Rehabilitation: HAO India rendered emergency relief to several victimized families during natural calamities. Many relief programs for the victims of Earth quakes (Lathur), Cyclones are conducted in time by providing the basic needs like food, clothing, blankets, fish containers etc. The natural calamities like cyclones are common in Coastal areas.
The fears of the damages are always in the minds of these people. There will be very loss, the communication system and roads will be damaged, trees will fall and the houses will also be collapsed.
For the victims of the cyclones the HAO India has ventured to build pakka houses for the fishermen who lost their houses, which can withstand in any conditions. The fishermen families are very happy to live in and, expressed their gratefulness to the HAO Organization for providing them. The Tsunami that did hit south Asia Coast line on December-26th -2006 left the survivors traumatized by the memories of wrath of the cruel waves. It shivered the fishermen.
To venture into the high seas Thousands lost livelihood, still gazing into vast emptiness beyond horizon. In India, Tsunami struck all along the coastal line including Andhra Pradesh.
The loss of life was meager in AP but the livelihood, boats, nets and many more were lost. The human confidence to live with sea was lost by the fishermen and their families. Survivors are living in a daze as they struggle to find livelihood and seeking ways and means … But did not migrate elsewhere. The HAO India swung into action with rescue and relief operation to give them solace with human touch of love and Compassion and stood along their side and followed in their rehabilitation process in partnership with Baptist World Aid, Australia.
The journey across the sea is no doubt a venture every time when they go into the sea. Their safe return is unpredictable, who knows what happen in the pitch darkness along the waters. At that time a fisherman was hit by a gig ship while he was fishing at the midnight and was injured adding to the woes. As a part of the relief and rehabilitation now the boats carrying our fishermen are twinkling like stars, due to an innovative provision of solar Lamps by HAO India, Especially during the time of Tsunami HAO India took a major role among all NGO’s in taking the necessary steps to bring the affected to the normal condition from the panic and terror. The local authorities were appreciated HAO India for being first to stretch the helping hand to the tsunamis. In this regard boats were got repaired and new nets and utensils along with provisions for few days were distributed houses were constructed., The timely help to the people of coastal areas in Andhra Pradesh regained enough boldness to get back into their normal life.
Causes & Effects of Disaster Management:Earthquakes often arrive without warning, so contingency plans are extremely important.
Some geographical areas are prone to certain types of national disasters. In others, large-scale accidents can occur without such natural precedent. In both types of situations, critical lessons have to be learned for the future while, at the same time, the effects of that disaster must be minimized as much as possible. Disaster management frameworks must address all of these concerns reflexively.
Disaster management is concerned with a set of practices that must limit the range and level of the disaster's impact, not only on surrounding people, but on the physical landscape and local infrastructure. The first concept is mitigation, one that contains the impact of the disaster to minimal proportions through mechanisms such as structure inspections and building inspections. Mitigation is followed by emergency preparedness systems and personnel, response mechanisms and teams, and finally, recovery contingencies that help the local population return to a degree of normalcy in daily life.