Environmental Management Capacity Building (EMCB) Projects
With the objective of developing national capacity on environmental management in key developmental sectors for achieving effective implementation of environmental policies and regulations as well as for improving environmental appraisal processes. Ministry has undertaken two projects namely (a) Mining subcomponent, (b) EIA sub-component, with the assistance of World Bank. The progress made during the year are given below:-
Mining Sub-Component: The EMCB Mining component has been underexecution since 1999. As mining is known to causeenvironmental degradation, environmental managementin the mining sector was identified as a high prioritycomponent for bringing about the necessary improvementstherein.
EIA Sub-component: The EIA sub-component was initiated for improving theenvironmental clearance process with a view to streamlineand rationalizes the existing EIA Capacity Building Project.
Mapping of critical coastal ecosystems: Keeping in view the degradation of coastalecosystems of the country, work relating to identification,mapping and digitization of the coastal ecosystems forthe purpose of sustainable management of theseecosystems has been initiated.
The activities initiated in this regard are: Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan Preparation: As a first step, Integrated Coastal ZoneManagement Plan (CZMP) preparation has beeninitiated for Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweepislands through scientific institutions viz, Institute of Oceanmanagement, Anna University, Chennai and Centre ofEarth Science Studies, Thiruvananthapuram respectively.Under this project twenty inhabited islands ofAndaman group of Islands have been selected fordeveloping ICZM Plans based on the status ofenvironment, socio-economic conditions and developmentpotentials. The ICZM report on 13 islands has beensubmitted to the Ministry. This study considered theconstraints to the development in coastal area of theinhabited islands and recommends relaxing the No.development zones of the islands. To priorities thedevelopmental activities the following Islands have beenrecommended for tourism sector:
5) North Passage
6) Long Island and
7) Ross and Smith Islands.
In case of Lakshadweep ten uninhabited islands have been studied by Centre for Earth Science Studies. The islands are Agatti, Amini, Androth, Bangaram, Bitra, Chetlat, Kadamat, Kalpeni, Kiltan and Minicoy. The Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan preparation for Lakshadweep intends to:
- Preserve the functional integrity of the islands ecosystem
- Reduce the resource / or issue based conflicts arising out of developmental activities in and around the island
- Minimize damages to the coral ecosystem for the sustenance of the islands been provided to Ministry of Tourism for their comments. Similar Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan studies have been initiated for selected stretches of Karnataka and West Bengal.
Coastal Zone Management Plan: For the purpose of protecting the marine and coastalenvironment of India, the Government of India has issueda Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991, whichregulates developmental activities within 500 mts from
The high tide line and the inter tidal region of the country. All 13 Coastal States / Union Territory Governments have prepared Coastal Zone Management Plans demarcating ecologically sensitive areas, built up areas and rural regions. For the purpose of enforcing the provision of the notification the Ministry has constituted National and 13 state levels Coastal Zone Management Authorities.