Human rights and value education
Introduction: Even at the international level, the United Nations adopted the ‘Declaration of Human Right, 1948’ which has made efforts to promote and encourage respect for human rights and fundamental freedom irrespective of race, sex, language or religion. They have ranged from standard setting to monitoring from facilitating international dialogue and cooperation to provide technical assistance and from commissioning technical studies in deploying large scale peace keeping missions. In order to create awareness about the human rights, the people should be educated. The UN has started efforts to promote human rights education with the main objective of teaching of ‘common language of humanity’ to the people and make a universal culture of human rights.
The promotion of human rights through education involves:
(i) Knowledge about one’s rights.
(ii) Values, beliefs and attitudes promoting an action.
(iii) Elimination of prejudices.
(iv) Developing a positive attitude towards establishing a peaceful and harmonious society.
The human rights activists, women’s wings and legal associations are actively promoting human rights education worldwide. In India, human rights education got importance will the highlighting of weaker sections, cases of custodial violence, child labour problems, atrocities against women, environmental degradation etc. which were brought to public notice through mass media, voluntary organizations and judicial activism. A National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has been constituted by the Central Government which has created confidence among Indian citizens. The functions of NHRC have been both investigative and primitive and it acts as a promoter of a culture of human rights in the country. NHRC promotes and cooperates with voluntary organizations active in the area of human rights. It also conducts carefully designed oriented training programmers for police, armed forces and paramilitary forces to apprise them of human rights.
INTRODUCTION:The word value education refers to the means of developing the appropriate sensibilities, viz., moral, spiritual, cultural and the ability to make proper judgment and internalize them in one’s life.
It is an education for becoming a responsible citizen of the country. Value education gives information’s to
(i) Live one’s life in a decent way
(ii) Find happiness
(iii) Make others happy
(iv) Behave and communicate with other persons
(v) Grow and get success in life
Much has already been talked about environmental education. It can be made value based in incorporating following steps:
(i) Preparation of good text books which can inculcate in the minds of the readers the basic human value ‘man in nature’ rather than ‘nature for man’.
(ii) Social values like love, tolerance, justice and compassion should be the basic things during the teaching.
(iii) Cultural and religious values should be critically studied and taught.
(iv) Global values that human civilization is a part of the planet should be mentioned.
Drawbacks of a large family:
(i) It is very difficult to afford even the basic requirements of a large family
Within limited income.
(ii) The children often fall victim to malnutrition due to inadequate food.