The last protocol is p-persistent CSMA. It applies to slotted channels and works as follows. When a station becomes ready to send, it senses the channel. If it is idle, it transmits with a probability p. With a probability q = 1 - p, it defers until the next slot. If that slot is also idle, It either transmits or defers again, with probabilities p and q. This process is repeated until either the frame has been transmitted or another station has begun transmitting.
In the latter case, the unlucky station acts as if there had been a collision (i.e., it waits a random time and starts again). If the station initially senses the channel busy, it waits until the next slot and applies the above algorithm. Figure 4 shows the computed throughput versus offered traffic for all three protocols, as well as for pure and slotted ALOHA.
Fig.4 Comparison of the channel utilization versus load for various random accessprotocols