The study of domestic and pet animals is called animal husbandry. It studies their types, behaviour and up keeping methodologies. Animal husbandry is the science of taking care of domestic animals that are used primarily as food or product sources. In many places throughout the world, people are essentially specialists in animal husbandry by means of being farmers, ranchers, sheepherders, or anyone who takes care of a variety of animals. Anyone who takes care of domesticated animals, especially in large groups, is practicing animal husbandry. It studies their utility towards mankind and environment and the by-products produced by them. The subject of animal husbandry can be sub classified into following major areas.
(a) Animal petting:
The science that deals with the utilization, reproduction and its vivid uses is known as animal petting.
(b) Vetenary science:
It is the science that deals with the medical part of the animals.
(c) Dairy technology:
It deals with the milk products like milk, cheese, butter, curd, ghee etc.
Different Animals and Their Utility to Mankind: Different animals are useful to us in many ways as:
Cow provides us:
1. Milk which is used to make many dairy products.
2. Cow dung is used in biogas plant and fuel.
Buffalo provide us:
1. For milk and gobar.
2. Useful in pulling buffalo carts.
Ox provide us:
1. Used in the process of farming.
2. Used in oil mill (Tel Ghani).
Pig provide us:
1. Eats human strata and cleans the localities.
2. Reduces the solid waste pollutants.
Dog provide us:
1. Keeps us safe.
2. Loyal animal.
From a scientific standpoint, specialists in animal husbandry may try to address specific problems occurring in large groups of animals. An animal husbandry specialist might study the current means for preventing mastitis in cows, or the specific needs of shelters for pigs. As many farms have become more industrialized, figuring out maximum storage space for animals may be a focus. There are many different schools of thought in the scientific practice of animal husbandry. Some groups concede the necessity of animals for food and a variety of products but feel that goals in raising stock should always be focused on the humane caring of animals. In the past twenty years a variety of animal husbandry specialists have advocated for the “free-range” caring of certain animal groups, as opposed to keeping animals in tight quarters for most of their lives.