Dissertation/Thesis/scientific Article/Technical Paper
Dissertation/Thesis/scientific Article/Technical Paper:
A lot of problem is faced by the students while completing or writing their dissertation/ theses and other assignments. Even at the tertiary level, a significant thing one may note is that very few students pay proper attention to the obvious techniques of thesis and assignment writing. Essays, articles, reports, proposals, tutorial papers, dissertations and theses are written not only by the students but also by the professionals. There may be a difference of opinion regarding the level of technical style suitable for thesis and assignment writing. But there cannot be any difference of opinion regarding the fundamental techniques or mechanics of thesis and assignment writing. However, due observance of the fundamental techniques or mechanics such as planning, format, use of quotations, footnotes, tables and figures, referencing, appendices, editing, revaluation and final draft are some of the technical things that are essentially needed for thesis and assignment writing. A technical report or essay, thesis or dissertation, even excluding the variety of style or diction, cannot be said to be of satisfactory kind, if the above-cited fundamentals are not given due weightagc. In the words of Prof. Theodore A. Sherman, "It would be foolish to pretend that there is an easy way of organizing a complex mass of facts and uleas, and equally foolish to maintain that such a result may he accomplished by only one method.
Assignments and theses writing are the two distinct kinds of writing which entail specific techniques. Assignments may include essay, paragraph, tutorial paper, abstract, report, proposal etc., and for each of them, techniques vary from the techniques of thesis and dissertation writing. Whereas essay writing needs more detailed treatment than that of a paragraph, tutorial paper, abstract or proposal, report writing needs entirely a different technical and scientific setting. Likewise a dissertation is less detailed a treatment than a thesis writing; and, hence each of them requires a different kind of technical treatment. In a word, assignments and theses writing may require different types of technical formalities of format and set-up, yet there are some fundamentals common to all. These basic or fundamental facts create coherence and organic unity both in an assignment and in a thesis.
PLANNING THE THESIS/DISSERTATION/ARTICLE/PAPERyASSIGNMENT
The first problem to be encountered with during the course of preparing an assignment is the planning of the assignment. For this, one has to learn the use of dictionary and then he has also to weigh his problem through all these stages:
- Analyse and Compare—Consider the pros and cons of the problem; its inter relationship with other problems; and then compare it with other similar objects or problems.
- Contrast and Define—The second stage is of making a subtle contrast of your problem or topic or essay with others and then try to define it.
- Describe and Discuss—Now give an account of the problem and discuss it in proportioned details, making specific paragraphs.
- Enumerate and Evaluate—List other similar problems and then try to make a fair and untraced judgment of your own.
- Examine ami Illustrate—Examine critically the problem and then try to illustrate it. Draw a picture, or prepare a table or supply figures wherever necessary.
Limiting the Problem
An equally important point to remember while preparing an assignment is to limit the problem. According to Jonathan Anderson (et. al.), "The mistake of casting the net wide is an understandable one because a common reaction when starting an assignment is to wonder how one is possibly going to write the required number of words. So one has to limit one's problem or assignment taking into consideration all the main points relevant and logical. But it does not mean that the points should unnecessarily be reduced. For instance, if you are writing about 'Space Technology'or 'the Armament Race', you will have to decide, in the very beginning, as to how many words you are going to write. These topics are so engaging and controversial that you can write a lot about them. But it would be quite prudent on your part to limit your problems only to a few points quite relevant to your discussion. The following may he your guide-points:
'Space Technology' can be outlined as under:
- What do we mean by space technology?
- Its past historical development.
- Its present status.
- Space technology and human welfare
- Space technology and world peace
Likewise the Armament Race' can be outlined as under:
- What do we mean by the Armament Race?
- The origin and necessity of the Armament Race
- The role of the super powers
- The role of the philanthropist
- The future of humanity