Introduction to Drilling Machine
Introduction to Drilling Machine: Drilling is an operation of making a circular hole by removing a volume of metal from the job by cutting tool called drill. A drill is a rotary end-cutting tool with one or more cutting lips and usually one or more flutes for the passage of chips and the admission of cutting fluid.
A drilling machine is a machine tool designed for drilling holes in metals. It is one of the most important and versatile machine tools in a workshop. Besides drilling round holes, many other operations can also be performed on the drilling machine such as counter- boring, countersinking, honing, reaming, lapping, sanding etc.
CONSTRUCTION OF DRILLING MACHINE: In drilling machine the drill is rotated and fed along its axis of rotation in the stationary workpiece. Different parts of a drilling machine are shown in Fig. 1 and are discussed below: (i) The head containing electric motor, V-pulleys and V-belt which transmit rotary motion to the drill spindle at a number of speeds. (ii) Spindle is made up of alloy steel. It rotates as well as moves up and down in a sleeve. A pinion engages a rack fixed onto the sleeve to provide vertical up and down motion of the spindle and hence the drill so that the same can be fed into the workpiece or withdrawn from it while drilling. Spindle speed or the drill speed is changed with the help of V-belt and V-step-pulleys. Larger drilling machines are having gear boxes for the said purpose. (iii) Drill chuck is held at the end of the drill spindle and in turn it holds the drill bit. (iv) Adjustable work piece table is supported on the column of the drilling machine. It can be moved both vertically and horizontally. Tables are generally having slots so that the vise or the workpiece can be securely held on it. (v) Base table is a heavy casting and it supports the drill press structure. The base supports the column, which in turn, supports the table, head etc. (vi) Column is a vertical round or box section which rests on the base and supports the head and the table. The round column may have rack teeth cut
on it so that the table can be raised or lowered depending upon the workpiece requirements. This machine consists of following parts
3. Main drive
4. Drill spindle
5. Feed handle
6. Work table
Fig.1 Construction of drilling machine