Pressure (P) is the across variable and the volume flow rate (Q) is the through variable in a fluid component. The three basic fluid elements are discussed below. Note the following:
1. The Elements Are Usually Distributed, But Lumped-Parameter Approximations Are Used Here.
2. The Elements Are Usually Nonlinear (Particularly, The Fluid Resistor), But Linear Models Are Used Here.
nontechnical components. In this chapter some important types of mechanical components will be discussed. Only typical cases will be studied in detail, where modeling and analysis will be presented.
It is expected that these techniques and knowledge may be extended to other types of mechanical components and devices. Particular attention will be given to robotic manipulators, which are examples of mechatronic systems.