• General Physical Metallurgy Concepts common to all alloy systems
  • Chemical Bonding, Atom Size,Lattices, Crystals and Crystalline Defects, Solid Solutions, Alloying and Microstructures
  • Grains and Grain Size Control, Role of Deformation and Deformation Processing
  • Phases, Invariant Reactions, Equilibrium Phase Diagrams and Phase Transform -ationsin Cast Irons and Steels.
  • Non Equilibrium Transformations in Ferrous Alloys, Time Dependency, Microstructure –Property Relationships