Neuroanatomy is the study of the anatomy of nervous tissue and neural structures of the nervous system . In vertebrate animals, the routes th at the myriad nerves take from the brain to the rest of the body (or "periphery"), and the internal structure of the brain in partic ular, are both extremely elaborate. As a result, the study of neuroanatomy has developed into a discipline in itself, although it also represents a specialization within neuroscienc e. The delineation of distinct structures and regions of the brain has figured centrally in investigating how it works. For example, much of what neuroscientists have learned comes from observing how damage or "lesions" to specific brain areas affects behavior or other neural functions.