Filters are networks that process signals in a frequency-dependent manner. The basic concept of a filter can be explained by examining the frequency dependent nature of the impedance of capacitors and inductors. Consider a voltage divider where the shunt leg is a reactive impedance. As the frequency is changed, the value of the reactive impedance changes, and the voltage divider ratio changes. This mechanism yields the frequency dependent change in the input/output transferfunction that is defined as the frequency response.