structure and function of forest ecosystem in environmental engineering free pdf download
A forest ecosystem has definite boundaries and includes a forest of trees out to the limit of tree growth. Remember that forests are not the only ecosystems. A forest is an area with a high density of trees.There are hundreds of thousands of defined and undefined ecosystems that can cover the broadest to the tiniest of areas. An ecosystem can be as small as a pond or a dead tree, or as large as the Earth itself.