About 44% of our land is used for agriculture, 23% is covered with forests, and 4% is used pastures and grazing fields, 8% for housing, agro forestry, industrial areas, and roads arid so on. The 14% is barren and about 8% is used for miscellaneous purposes. The rapid increase of urbanisation migration of population to towns and cities has created many problems. All this has led to the utilization of agricultural land for housing construction, industries etc.Land is a precious resource, since it is put to diverse use by man. India with a land area 32, 88000 km- which is about 2.4% of the world supports 15% of the world's population. The precipitate land resource available now in India is less than 0.4 hectares, in comparison to more than 0.9 hector in China.