Education system in USA - The US education system Explained!
Hi! This is Shivi, an education expert for education in USA.I have written about education in USA ,what you all students need to know before you plan to study in US
Education system in US is provided by the government firms, with funding coming from the three levels.Child education is made compulsory for children.
Brief Of Education System in USA
US education system is one of the richest education provider. The academics here offer a wonderful combination of the traditional and the latest studies that keep it many steps ahead from the greatest educational parameters of the world.
Now after such a big round of applause, let us illustrate the education in the USA overall. This blog does not aim at depicting any particular sector but tries to sketch the main picture of the system altogether. To start with, the continent has highest numbers of educational institutions. The quantity remains same from the grass-root level to the higher studies. You can trace down over than 3800 colleges and universities all around. The strength of the universities ranges from 1000 to 50,000 every year. Education System In US
Primary/Elementary School Education in America starts at the age of 5 years. The tenure for primary school is about five to six years. The students complete five grades of their education during this stage. Parents generally get their students admitted to public school, private school, or home school.
High/Secondary School On completion of five grades at the primary school, students enter secondary school. Here, the tenure is of six to seven years, through which they would be completing their 12 grades of schooling. On successful completion of secondary school, students are awarded a high school diploma, which makes them eligible for attending college or university. Students, traveling from international destinations, applying for graduation courses in US should possess equivalent grades.
Undergraduate School Undergraduate program is the first step for post-secondary education that begins after 12 years of primary and secondary schooling. Colleges and universities offering undergraduate programs offer two types of degrees, namely, associate degree and bachelor’s degree. An associate degree is a two-year program offered primarily by Community, Vocational, and Junior Colleges. On completion of this course, the student is eligible for seeking transfer in the third year of a four-year bachelor’s degree in four-year colleges or universities. Since the tuition and fees are relatively lower for these courses, most American and international students find it convenient to pursue this course first and then, proceed with the remaining two years of study. A bachelor’s degree, on the other hand, is a four-year program, offering several ‘majors’ (or specializations) in all fields. This is the first degree from where most students plan their career or profession. The first year of bachelor’s degree is called Freshman Year, the second - Sophomore Year, the third - Junior Year, and the fourth - Senior Year.
Professional School Most US universities offer professional program, such as law, medicine, pharmacy, physiotherapy, etc. that lead to achievement of first professional degrees, like MD (for medicine), Pharm D (for pharmacy), Doctor of Physiotherapy (DPT - for physiotherapy), etc. On completion of these degrees and fulfilling other requirements, students are permitted to practice as professionals in their respective fields. However, to seek admission in these professional programs, students have to qualify in certain entrance tests, such as MCAT (for medicine), PCAT (for pharmacy), LSAT (for law), etc. after obtaining a bachelor’s degree in related subjects.
Graduate School Degree programs, like engineering, arts, and sciences are offered by graduate schools and specialized colleges, the completion of which provides masters and doctoral level degrees, known as Master of Arts (M.A.), Master of Sciences (M.S.), and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD). These courses vary from one to five years, depending upon the course, specialization, level of study, and ability of students presenting their projects. Master’s level programs generally run for two years, while the duration for doctoral level programs is from three to six years, depending upon the field of research and university. However, pre-requisite tests are required to be qualified for admission to the Master courses. TOEFL and GRE tests are necessary for MS and MA programs, while TOEFL and GMAT are essential for MBA and other management related programs.
Grades & GPA US education system follows a chronic evaluation method for every course adopted by the students and awards them with grades. Based on several inquisitions, such as class attendance, marks scored in examinations, laboratory reports, assignments, and other relevant proceedings, the grades are assessed and a common percentage as a “letter grade” is awarded. The following letter grade scale is followed at US colleges and universities:
100-90% = A 89-80% = B 79-70% = C 69-60% = D 59-50% = E 49-0% = F
Students complete the degree programs with a Grade Point Average (GPA), computed after taking into consideration the number of courses, number of credits (for each course), and the numerical value of a grade. The numerical grade for each course is multiplied by the number of credits secured by the student. Likewise, the total points obtained are divided by the total number of credit hours.
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