Hi! This is Lovely, an education expert for education in Canada.I have written about education in Canada,what you all students need to know before you plan to study in Canada
How does the higher education system work?
Canada Offers a number of postgradutes courses at its institutions.It offers a high quality education to the students and it is known for that.A large number of students come here to study from diverse culture and land
There is no federal ministry of education or formal accreditation system. Instead, responsibility lies with the provinces and territories through membership of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). Currently, there are 94 universities with membership of the AUCC.
What courses are available?
There are two types of graduate degrees: Masters and Doctoral.
Masters degrees are offered in many different fields, and there are two main types of programmes: academic and professional. Programmes usually last one or two years and result in the qualification of MA (Master of Arts) or MSc (Master of Science). Some students choose to enrol in the more research-oriented Master of Philosophy (MPhil) programme, often with the view to progress to doctoral studies
Doctoral degrees are the highest level, and usually require the pursuit of original research for academic programmes or the practical application of knowledge and skills in professional programmes. Unlike in the UK, doctoral students in Canada are still required to complete coursework and write examinations rather than solely focusing on their research.Postgraduate courses are offered at both English- and French-language institutions. Many universities offer full-time and part-time enrolment as well as opportunities to participate in co-operative education, distance learning, continuing education and student exchange programmes
Where can I study?
Detailed information about Canadian universities and programmes can be found on the Education in Canada website. A searchable list of universities and programmes is also available through the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.
The magazine Macleans publishes an annual ranking of Canadian universities which is later made available online. International websites which include Canadian universities in their rankings include QS Top Universities, the Times Higher Education University Rankings survey and Universities Worldwide.
What are the entry requirements for postgraduate study?
As in the UK, generally a good first degree with high academic standing is required for admission to a Masters program. Masters programs with a professional focus may require work experience in the intended field of study. For a doctoral program, a high level of achievement at the Masters level is typically required.
When do I apply?
Application deadlines for postgraduate study are considerably earlier in Canada than in the UK. Most programmes accept applications approximately one year before the intended start date of study.
How do I apply?
Applications for postgraduate study are made directly to universities. They are most often submitted online through a standardised, university-wide system that allows you to upload all parts of your application.
Most institutions request an official transcript of all previous university-level studies, letters of recommendation from professors, and a letter of motivation describing your academic and career objectives and reasons for applying to the program. Some programmes may require you to complete standardised tests such as the GRE, GMAT or LSAT and will request a copy of the official results along with your application.
The admissions committee will be looking for evidence that your goals are realistic, that the programme is appropriate to your interests, and that you have the skills and qualities required to successfully complete your studies. Entry requirements vary from programme to programme, and it is best to seek details about what your university expects by directly consulting its prospectus and website.
Masters Degree in Canada
Canadian universities are highly reputed and accepted round the globe. The wide range of postgraduate courses offered by universities in Canada receives high acclamation and recognition in all parts of the world, increasing the chances of degree holders to get their choice of jobs in their respective fields of study.
On the successful completion of undergraduate degree courses, students can either move into the industry for job openings or opt to pursue a masterís degree program, or postgraduate degree. Masterís degree can be taken in various fields, under two types of programs - academic and professional. Academic programs, lasting for one or two years, result in the attainment of a masterís degree, such as M. A. (Master of Arts) or M. Sc (Master of Science). Professional courses talk of research-oriented study, like M. Phil (Master of Philosophy), letting qualifying students to proceed towards doctoral studies. The next and highest level of study in Canada is a doctoral degree which can be taken up only after acquiring a postgraduate degree. The curriculum for a doctoral degree in Canada is different from other countries, wherein students are required to undertake coursework and give written examinations, instead of focusing entirely on research work. PhD in a Canadian university takes the longest time to complete, with a student taking an average of four to seven years to fulfill the requirements for completing the course. Since English and French are the two official languages of Canada, students have the option to pursue their degree courses either in English or French.
The academic calendar for Canadian universities and private colleges is pretty similar to universities in the United States. An academic year comprises of two terms and one session. The fall term runs from September through December, while the winter term begins in January and ends in April. The winter term is followed by a summer session which starts in early May extending up till mid-August.
Subjects for Masterís Degree
Agriculture; Applied Business Technology; Applied Health Care & Technology; Business Administration; Computer Science; Culinary, Travel & Hospitality; Design & Applied Arts; Education; Engineering; Engineering Technology & Applied Technology; Humanities; Native Studies; Natural Sciences; Nursing & Allied Health; Public Administration; Religious Studies; Trade & Apprenticeship; Visual Arts
Admissions Requirements applying to Canadian PG programmes--
- Application for a postgraduate program requires applicants to complete a minimum of 16 years of formal education, complying with a four-year bachelorís degree in Canada.
- In case the aspirants have a three-year degree, it is advisable to apply for a one-year post graduate degree and make up for the fourth year of a Canadian undergraduate degree. Thereafter, applications for a masterís degree in Canadian universities can be made.
- Official transcripts (mark sheets) from each college or university attended after secondary school should be submitted, along with complete details of subjects (in each year). These should be signed and attested across the seal by the registrar. Have several copies of the transcripts, as some universities ask for more than one copy.
- Transcripts that are issued in a language other than English must be translated into English by the issuing authority or university, to make yourself eligible for admissions.
- Most of the postgraduate courses in Canada require the applicants to take one of the standardized tests, like GRE and GMAT, apart from English proficiency tests, such as TOEFL, TWE, and IELTS. While GMAT is for management courses, GRE is required for graduate courses other than management.
- Applying to MBA and masterís courses in formation studies should be supported by at least couple years of work experience. Hence, a detailed resume should be drafted highlighting the details, like positions held, achievements, and range of work.
- Letters of recommendation should be obtained from people of personal and professional level to highlight your qualities, strengths, and other related information, helpful for the admission process.
- Personal essay or statement of purpose providing an impression of you as an individual should also be drafted, to distinguish you from other suitable candidates and increase your chances of getting selected.
- A copy of your valid passport
Application Procedure for Canadian Post-graduate (PG) programmes --
- Applications should begin at least 15 to 18 months before the proposed date of admission. Visit the universityís website and complete the form for requesting application material.
- As an alternate, downloadable forms are available on the websites of most universities, which can be printed and used as normal forms. Fill up the form and mail it to the respective address mentioned in the contacts.
- Fill the application form as per the instructions mentioned by the admissions office of the university. Collect all the documents required and attach them with the completed application form.
- Check the late date of each university for accepting applications. Follow the dates and send your filled applications form before the deadlines.
Tuition Fees in CDN$
Pursuing a postgraduate degree program or course ranges anywhere between $2000 and $33,000 per academic year. The tuition fees vary from course to course, province to province, and university to university.
If You have any query regarding the education in Canada, please feel free to ask. I'll be glad to answer them