The investigation of the suitability and characteristics of sites as they affect the design and construction of civil engineering works and the security of neighbouring structures is laid out in British Standard Code of Practice for site investigations (BS 5930:1981,formerly CP 2001). The sections on geology and site exploration define the minimum that a professional engineer should know.The systematic exploration and investigation of a new site may involve five stages of procedure. These stages are:
(1) preliminary investigation using published information and other existing data;
(2) a detailed geological survey of the site, possibly with a photogeology study
(3) applied geophysical surveys to provide information about the subsurface geology;
(4) boring, drilling and excavation to provide confirmation of the previous results, and quantitative detail, at critical points on the site; and
(5) testing of soils and rocks to assess their suitability, particularly their mechanical properties (soil mechanics and rock mechanics), either in situ or from samples.
This book defines essential terms, explains concepts, phenomena and methods of argument, and shows how to reach conclusions about the geology of a site and to appreciate its relevance to an engineering project. It is envisaged as a text to accompany an introductory course for engineering undergraduates. It also contains additional information that will be of use to students who intend carrying their study of applied geology beyond a basic course. At the same time, the book is intended to be more than a narrow professional manual, and it is hoped that it will advance the general scientific education of students by presenting, for example, the nature and use of inductive reasoning in science.
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