Water is extremely essential for life; this common fact is known to all. It is required to meet our basic needs in day to day life viz., cooking, drinking, bathing, disposal of sewage, irrigation, generating electricity in power plants, cooling and manufacturing different products in industries and the disposal of industrial wastes. During all these processes the undesirable substances are added to the water resources to a great extent. This alters the basic chemistry of water in rivers and streams.
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