Internal combustion engines date back to 1876 when Otto first developed the
spark-ignition engine and 1892 when Diesel invented the compression-ignition
engine. Since that time these engines have continued to develop as our knowledge
of engine processes has increased, as new technologies became available, as
demand for new types of engine arose, and as environmental constraints on
engine use changed. Internal combustion engines, and the industries that develop
and manufacture them and support their use, now play a dominant role in the
fields of power, propulsion, and energy. The last twenty-five years or so have seen
an explosive growth in engine research and development as the issues of air pollution,
fuel cost, and market competitiveness have become increasingly important.
An enormous technical literature on engines now exists which has yet to be
adequately organized and summarized.
This book has been written as a text