Close
Login to Your Account
Faadooengineers




Results 1 to 3 of 3

Thread: Optical Switching

  1. #1
    Sr. FaaDoO Engineer
    Join Date
    Sep 2012
    Posts
    87

    Gender: : Male

    Branch: : Electronics Engineering

    City : Kolkata

    Send Private Message
    Send Friend Request

    Txt 32 Optical Switching

    Definition
    Explosive information demand in the internet world is creating enormous needs for capacity expansion in next generation telecommunication networks. It is expected that the data- oriented network traffic will double every year.

    Optical networks are widely regarded as the ultimate solution to the bandwidth needs of future communication systems. Optical fiber links deployed between nodes are capable to carry terabits of information but the electronic switching at the nodes limit the bandwidth of a network. Optical switches at the nodes will overcome this limitation. With their improved efficiency and lower costs, Optical switches provide the key to both manage the new capacity Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) links as well as gain a competitive advantage for provision of new band width hungry services. However, in an optically switched network the challenge lies in overcoming signal impairment and network related parameters. Let us discuss the present status, advantages and challenges and future trends in optical switches.

    A fiber consists of a glass core and a surrounding layer called the cladding. The core and cladding have carefully chosen indices of refraction to ensure that the photos propagating in the core are always reflected at the interface of the cladding. The only way the light can enter and escape is through the ends of the fiber. A transmitter either alight emitting diode or a laser sends electronic data that have been converted to photons over the fiber at a wavelength of between 1,200 and 1,600 nanometers.

    Today fibers are pure enough that a light signal can travel for about 80 kilometers without the need for amplification. But at some point the signal still needs to be boosted. Electronics for amplitude signal were replaced by stretches of fiber infused with ions of the rare-earth erbium. When these erbium-doped fibers were zapped by a pump laser, the excited ions could revive a fading signal. They restore a signal without any optical to electronic conversion and can do so for very high speed signals sending tens of gigabits a second. Most importantly they can boost the power of many wavelengths simultaneously.

    Now to increase information rate, as many wavelengths as possible are jammed down a fiber, with a wavelength carrying as much data as possible. The technology that does this has a name-dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM ) - that is a paragon of technospeak.Switches are needed to route the digital flow to its ultimate destination.

    The enormous bit conduits will flounder if the light streams are routed using conventional electronic switches, which require a multi-terabit signal to be converted into hundreds of lower-speed electronic signals. Finally, switched signals would have to be reconverted to photons and reaggregated into light channels that are then sent out through a designated output fiber.



  2. #2
    Fuchcha FaaDoO Engineer apoorvau's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2012
    Posts
    3

    Gender: : Female

    Branch: : Electronics Engineering

    City : Jabalpur

    Send Private Message
    Send Friend Request

    Re: Optical Switching

    do you have nanoelectronics ebook also?

  3. #3
    Passionate FaaDoO Engineer sreekanthzipsy's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2011
    Posts
    251

    Gender: : Male

    Branch: : Electronics Engineering

    City : Vijaywada

    Send Private Message
    Send Friend Request

    Re: Optical Switching

    http://www.faadooengineers.com/threa...ano+technology

    here is the link to download about nanotechnology........
    zipsy

Tags for this Thread