Broadband access technology has significant influences in the telecommunication industry.
Worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) is a broadband wireless
technology which brings broadband experience to a wireless context. There are two different
types of broadband wireless services. One is fixed wireless broadband which is similar to the
traditional fixed line broadband access technology like DSL or cable modem but using
wireless as a medium of transmission. Another type is broadband wireless known as mobile
broadband which has additional functionality of portability, mobility and nomadicity.

The IEEE 802.16 family WiMAX is designed to accommodate both fixed and mobile broadband
application. WiMAX promises to solve the last mile problem which refers to the expense and
time needed to connect individual homes and offices to trunk route for communications.
WiMAX also offer higher peak data rates and greater flexibility than 3G networks and Wi-Fi.

This thesis is provides the analysis of the broadband wireless access (BWA) technology with
a focus on WiMAX and compare it with the other wireless technology like Wireless Fidelity
(Wi-Fi) and third-generation (3G).