The equivalent circuit and vector diagram of a short transmission line are shown in the figure given below.In the equivalent circuit short transmission line is represented by the lumped parameters R and L. R is the resistance (per phase) L is the inductance (per phase) of the entire transmission line. The effect of shunt capacitance and conductance is not considered in the equivalent circuit.The line is shown to have two ends : sending end (designated by the subscript S) at the generator, and the receiving end (designated R) at the load.