<div>SYLLABI FOR UPSEE-2013</div><div>PAPER – 1 (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY &amp; MATHEMATICS)</div><div>Section A, PHYSICS</div><div>Measurement: Dimensional analysis and error estimation, dimensional compatibility and significant figures.</div><div>Motion in one dimension: Average velocity, instantaneous velocity, one-dimensional motion with constant</div><div>accelerations, freely falling bodies.</div><div>Laws of Motion: Force and inertia, Newton's laws of motion, and their significance.</div><div>Motion in two dimensions: Projectile motion, uniform circular motion, tangential and radial acceleration in curvelinear</div><div>motion, relative motion and relative acceleration.</div><div>Work, Power and Energy: Work done by a constant and variable forces, kinetic and potential energy, power,</div><div>Conservative and non conservative forces, conservation of energy, gravitational energy, work energy theorem,</div><div>potential energy stored in a spring.</div><div>Linear Momentum &amp; collisions: Linear momentum &amp; impulse, conservation of linear momentum for two particle</div><div>system, collisions, collision in one dimension, collision in two dimension, rocket propulsion.</div><div>Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis: Angular velocity and angular acceleration, rotational kinematics,</div><div>rotational motion with constant angular acceleration relationship between angular and linear quantities, rotational</div><div>energy, moment of inertia for a ring, rod, spherical shell, sphere and plane lamina, torque and angular acceleration,</div><div>work and energy in rotational motion, rolling motion of a solid sphere and cylinder.</div><div>Gravitation: Gravitational field, Kepler's laws and motion of planets, planetary and satellite motion, geostationary</div><div>satellite.</div><div>Oscillatory motion: Harmonic motion, oscillatory motion of mass attached to a spring, kinetic &amp; potential energy,</div><div>Time Period of a simple pendulum, comparing simple and harmonic motion with uniform circular motion, forced</div><div>oscillations, damped oscillations and resonance.</div><div>Mechanics of solids and fluids: States of matter young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity,</div><div>variations of pressure with depth, Buoyant forces and Archimedes principle, Pascal's law, Bernoulli's theorem and its</div><div>application, surface energy, surface tension, angle of contact, capillary rise, coefficient of viscosity, viscous force,</div><div>terminal velocity, Stoke's law, stream line motion, Reynold's numbers.</div><div>Heat and thermodynamics: First law of thermodynamics, specific heat of an ideal gas at constant volume and</div><div>constant pressure, relation between them, thermodynamics process (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic),</div><div>second law of thermodynamics, concept of entropy and concept of absolute scale, efficiency of a Carnot engine,</div><div>thermal conductivity, Newton's law of cooling, black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law.</div><div>Wave: Wave motion, phase, amplitude and velocity of wave, newton's formula for longitudinal waves, propagation</div><div>of sound waves in air, effect of temperature and pressure on velocity of sound, Laplace's correction, Principle of</div><div>superposition, formation of standing waves, standing waves in strings and pipes, beats, Doppler's effect.</div><div>Electrostatics: Coulomb's law, electric field and potential due to point charge, dipole and its field along the axis</div><div>and perpendicular to axis, electric flux, Gauss's theorem and its applications to find the field due to infinite sheet of</div><div>charge, and inside the hallow conducting sphere, capacitance, parallel plate capacitor with air and dielectric medium</div><div>between the Plates, series and parallel combination of capacitors, energy of a capacitor, displacement currents.</div><div>Current Electricity: Concept of free and bound electrons, drift velocity and mobility, electric current, Ohm's law,</div><div>resistivity, conductivity, temperature dependency of resistance, resistance in series and parallel combination,</div><div>Kirchoff’s law and their application to network of resistances, principle of potentiometer, effect of temperature on</div><div>resistance and its application.</div><div>Magnetic Effect of Current: Magnetic field due to current, Biot-Savart's law, magnetic field due to solenoid,</div><div>motion of charge in a magnetic field, force on a current carrying conductors and torque on current loop in a magnetic</div><div>field, magnetic flux, forces between two parallel current carrying conductors, moving coil galvanometer and its</div><div>conversion into ammeter and voltmeter.</div><div>Magnetism in Matter: The magnetization of substance due to orbital and spin motions of electrons, magnetic</div><div>moment of atoms, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, earth's magnetic field and its components and</div><div>their measurement.</div><div>Electromagnetic induction: Induced e.m.f., Faraday's laws, Lenz's law, electromagnetic induction, self and mutual</div><div>induction, B-H curve, hysisteresisloss and its importance, eddy currents.</div><div>Ray Optics and optical instruments: Sources of light, luminous intensity,luminous flux, illuminance, photometry,</div><div>wave nature of light, Huygen's theory for propagation of light and rectilinear propagation of light, reflection of light ,</div><div>total internal reflection, reflection and refraction at spherical surfaces, focal length of a combination of lenses,</div><div>spherical and chromatic aberration and their removal, refraction and dispersion of light due to a prism, simple and</div><div>compound microscope, reflecting and refracting telescope, magnifying power and resolving power.</div><div>Wave Optics: Coherent and incoherent sources of light, interference, young's double slit experiment diffraction due</div><div>to a single slit, linearly polarized light, Polaroid.</div><div>Modern Physics: Photo-electric equation, matter waves, quantization, Planck's hypothesis, Bohr's model of</div><div>hydrogen atom and its spectra, ionisation potential, Rydberg constant, solar spectrum and Fraunhofer lines,</div><div>fluorescence and phosphorescence, X-Rays and their productions, characteristic and continuous spectra.</div><div>Nuclear Instability, radioactive decay laws, Emission of a, b, g rays, Mass - defect, Mass Energy equivalence, Nuclear</div><div>Fission Nuclear Reactors, Nuclear Fusion.</div><div>Classification of conductors, Insulators and semiconductors on the basis of energy bands in solids, PN junction, PN</div><div>Diode, junction Transistors, Transistor as an amplifier and Oscillator.</div><div>Principles of Logic Gates ( AND, OR and NOT ) Analog Vs Digital communication, Difference between Radio and</div><div>television, Signal propagation, Principle of LASER and MASER, Population Inversion, Spontaneous and stimulated</div><div>Emission.</div><div>Section B, CHEMISTRY</div><div>Atomic Structure: Bohr's concept. Quantum numbers, Electronic configuration, molecular orbital theory for</div><div>homonuclear molecules, Pauli's exclusion principle.</div><div>Chemical Bonding: Electrovalency, co-valency, hybridization involving s,p and d orbitals hydrogen bonding.</div><div>Redox Reactions: Oxidation number, oxidising and reducing agents, balancing of equations.</div><div>Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics: Equilibrium constant (for gaseous system only) Le Chaterlier's principle, ionic</div><div>equilibrium, Ostwald's dilution law, hydrolysis, pH and buffer solution, solubility product, common-ion effect, rate</div><div>constant and first order reaction.</div><div>Acid - Base Concepts: Bronsted Lowry &amp; Lewis.</div><div>Electrochemistry: Electrode potential and electro-chemical series.</div><div>Catalysis: Types and applications.</div><div>Colloids: Types and preparation, Brownian movement, Tyndall effect, coagulation and peptization.</div><div>Colligative Properties of Solution: Lowering of vapour pressure, Osmotic pressure, depression of freezing point,</div><div>elevation of boiling point, determination of molecular weight.</div><div>Periodic Table: Classification of elements on the basis of electronic configuration, properties of s,p and d block</div><div>elements, ionization potential, electronegativity &amp; electron affinity.</div><div>Preparation and Properties of the following: Hydrogen peroxide. copper sulphate, silver nitrate, plaster of</div><div>paris, borax, Mohr's salt, alums, white and red lead, microcosmic salt and bleaching powder, sodium thiosulphate.</div><div>Thermochemistry: Exothermic &amp; endothermic reactions Heat of reaction, Heat of combustion &amp; formation,</div><div>neutralisation, Hess's law.</div><div>General Organic Chemistry: Shape of organic compounds, Inductive effect, mesomeric effect, electrophiles &amp;</div><div>nucleophiles, Reaction intermediates: carboniumion, carbanions &amp; free radical, Types of organic reactions, Cannizzaro</div><div>Friedel Craft, Perkin, Aldol condensation.</div><div>Isomerism: Structural, Geometrical &amp; Optical</div><div>IUPAC: Nomenclature of simple organic compounds.</div><div>Polymers: Addition &amp; condensation polymers</div><div>Corbohydrates: Monosaccharides.</div><div>Preparation and Properties Of the Followings: Hydrocarbons, monohydric alcohols, aldehydes, ketones,</div><div>monocarboxylic acids, primary amines, benzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, phenol, benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, Grignard</div><div>Reagent.</div><div>Solid State: Structure of simple ionic compounds, Crystal imperfections (point defects only), Born-Haber cycle</div><div>Petroleum: Important industrial fractions, cracking, octane number, anti knocking compounds.</div><div>Section C, MATHEMATICS</div><div>Algebra: Sets relations &amp; functions, De-Morgan's Law, Mapping Inverse relations, Equivalence relations, Peano's</div><div>axioms, Definition of rationals and integers through equivalence relation, Indices and surds, Solutions of</div><div>simultaneous and quadratic equations, A.P., G.P. and H.P., Special sums i.e. ;n2 and ;n3 (n;N ), Partial fraction,</div><div>Binomial theorem for any index, exponential series, Logarithm and Logarithmic series. Determinants and their use in</div><div>solving simultaneous linear equations, Matrices, Algebra of matrices, Inverse of a matrix, Use of matrix for solving</div><div>equations.</div><div>Probability: Definition, Dependent and independent events, Numerical problem on addition and multiplication,</div><div>theorem of probability.</div><div>Trigonometry: Identities, Trigonometric equations, properties of triangles, solution of triangles, heights and</div><div>distances, Inverse function, Complex numbers and their properties, Cube roots of unity, De-Moivre's theorem.</div><div>Co-ordinate Geometry: Pair of straight lines, Circles, General equation of second degree, parabola, ellipse and</div><div>hyperbola, tracing of conics.</div><div>Calculus: Limits &amp; continuity of functions, Differentiation of function of function, tangents &amp; normal, Simple</div><div>examples of Maxima &amp; Minima, Indeterminate forms, Integration of function by parts, by substitution and by partial</div><div>fraction, definite integral, application to volumes and surfaces of frustums of sphere, cone and cylinder. Differential</div><div>equations of first order and of first degree.</div><div>Vectors : Algebra of vectors, scalar and vector products of two and three vectors and their applications.</div><div>Dynamics : Velocity, composition of velocity, relative velocity, acceleration, composition of accelerations, Motion</div><div>under gravity, Projectiles, Laws of motion, Principles of conservation of momentum and energy, direct impact of</div><div>smooth bodies.</div><div>Statics: Composition of coplanar, concurrent and parallel forces moments and couples resultant of set of coplanar</div><div>forces and condition of equilibrium, determination of centroid in simple cases, Problems involving friction.</div><div>PAPER – 2 (PHYSICS, CHEMISTRY &amp; BIOLOGY)</div><div>Section A, PHYSICS</div><div>Measurement: Dimensional analysis and error estimation, dimensional compatibility and significant figures.</div><div>Motion in one dimension: Average velocity, instantaneous velocity, one-dimensional motion with constant</div><div>accelerations, freely falling bodies.</div><div>Laws of Motion: Force and inertia, Newton's laws of motion, and their significance.</div><div>Motion in two dimensions: Projectile motion, uniform circular motion, tangential and radial acceleration in curvelinear</div><div>motion, relative motion and relative acceleration.</div><div>Work, Power and Energy: Work done by a constant and variable forces, kinetic and potential energy, power,</div><div>Conservative and non conservative forces, conservation of energy, gravitational energy, work energy theorem,</div><div>potential energy stored in a spring.</div><div>Linear Momentum &amp; collisions: Linear momentum &amp; impulse, conservation of linear momentum for two particle</div><div>system, collisions, collision in one dimension, collision in two dimension, rocket propulsion.</div><div>Rotation of a rigid body about a fixed axis: Angular velocity and angular acceleration, rotational kinematics,</div><div>rotational motion with constant angular acceleration relationship between angular and linear quantities, rotational</div><div>energy, moment of inertia for a ring, rod, spherical shell, sphere and plane lamina, torque and angular acceleration,</div><div>work and energy in rotational motion, rolling motion of a solid sphere and cylinder.</div><div>Gravitation: Gravitational field, Kepler's laws and motion of planets, planetary and satellite motion, geostationary</div><div>satellite.</div><div>Oscillatory motion: Harmonic motion, oscillatory motion of mass attached to a spring, kinetic &amp; potential energy,</div><div>Time Period of a simple pendulum, comparing simple and harmonic motion with uniform circular motion, forced</div><div>oscillations, damped oscillations and resonance.</div><div>Mechanics of solids and fluids: States of matter young's modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity,</div><div>variations of pressure with depth, Buoyant forces and Archimedes principle, Pascal's law, Bernoulli's theorem and its</div><div>application, surface energy, surface tension, angle of contact, capillary rise, coefficient of viscosity, viscous force,</div><div>terminal velocity, Stoke's law, stream line motion, Reynold's numbers.</div><div>Heat and thermodynamics: First law of thermodynamics, specific heat of an ideal gas at constant volume and</div><div>constant pressure, relation between them, thermodynamics process (reversible, irreversible, isothermal, adiabatic),</div><div>second law of thermodynamics, concept of entropy and concept of absolute scale, efficiency of a Carnot engine,</div><div>thermal conductivity, Newton's law of cooling, black body radiation, Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law.</div><div>Wave: Wave motion, phase, amplitude and velocity of wave, newton's formula for longitudinal waves, propagation</div><div>of sound waves in air, effect of temperature and pressure on velocity of sound, Laplace's correction, Principle of</div><div>superposition, formation of standing waves, standing waves in strings and pipes, beats, Doppler's effect.</div><div>Electrostatics: Coulomb's law, electric field and potential due to point charge, dipole and its field along the axis</div><div>and perpendicular to axis, electric flux, Gauss's theorem and its applications to find the field due to infinite sheet of</div><div>charge, and inside the hallow conducting sphere, capacitance, parallel plate capacitor with air and dielectric medium</div><div>between the Plates, series and parallel combination of capacitors, energy of a capacitor, displacement currents.</div><div>Current Electricity: Concept of free and bound electrons, drift velocity and mobility, electric current, Ohm's law,</div><div>resistivity, conductivity, temperature dependency of resistance, resistance in series and parallel combination,</div><div>Kirchoff’s law and their application to network of resistances, principle of potentiometer, effect of temperature on</div><div>resistance and its application.</div><div>Magnetic Effect of Current: Magnetic field due to current, Biot-Savart's law, magnetic field due to solenoid,</div><div>motion of charge in a magnetic field, force on a current carrying conductors and torque on current loop in a magnetic</div><div>field, magnetic flux, forces between two parallel current carrying conductors, moving coil galvanometer and its</div><div>conversion into ammeter and voltmeter.</div><div>Magnetism in Matter: The magnetization of substance due to orbital and spin motions of electrons, magnetic</div><div>moment of atoms, diamagnetism, paramagnetism, ferromagnetism, earth's magnetic field and its components and</div><div>their measurement.</div><div>Electromagnetic induction: Induced e.m.f., Faraday's laws, Lenz's law, electromagnetic induction, self and mutual</div><div>induction, B-H curve, hysisteresisloss and its importance, eddy currents.</div><div>Ray Optics and optical instruments: Sources of light, luminous intensity,luminous flux, illuminance, photometry,</div><div>wave nature of light, Huygen's theory for propagation of light and rectilinear propagation of light, reflection of light ,</div><div>total internal reflection, reflection and refraction at spherical surfaces, focal length of a combination of lenses,</div><div>spherical and chromatic aberration and their removal, refraction and dispersion of light due to a prism, simple and</div><div>compound microscope, reflecting and refracting telescope, magnifying power and resolving power.</div><div>Wave Optics: Coherent and incoherent sources of light, interference, young's double slit experiment diffraction due</div><div>to a single slit, linearly polarized light, Polaroid.</div><div>Modern Physics: Photo-electric equation, matter waves, quantization, Planck's hypothesis, Bohr's model of</div><div>hydrogen atom and its spectra, ionisation potential, Rydberg constant, solar spectrum and Fraunhofer lines,</div><div>fluorescence and phosphorescence, X-Rays and their productions, characteristic and continuous spectra.</div><div>Nuclear Instability, radioactive decay laws, Emission of a, b, g rays, Mass - defect, Mass Energy equivalence, Nuclear</div><div>Fission Nuclear Reactors, Nuclear Fusion.</div><div>Classification of conductors, Insulators and semiconductors on the basis of energy bands in solids, PN junction, PN</div><div>Diode, junction Transistors, Transistor as an amplifier and Oscillator.</div><div>Principles of Logic Gates ( AND, OR and NOT ) Analog Vs Digital communication, Difference between Radio and</div><div>television, Signal propagation, Principle of LASER and MASER, Population Inversion, Spontaneous and stimulated</div><div>Emission.</div><div>Section B, CHEMISTRY</div><div>Atomic Structure: Bohr's concept. Quantum numbers, Electronic configuration, molecular orbital theory for</div><div>homonuclear molecules, Pauli's exclusion principle.</div><div>Chemical Bonding: Electrovalency, co-valency, hybridization involving s,p and d orbitals hydrogen bonding.</div><div>Redox Reactions: Oxidation number, oxidising and reducing agents, balancing of equations.</div><div>Chemical Equilibrium and Kinetics: Equilibrium constant (for gaseous system only) Le Chaterlier's principle, ionic</div><div>equilibrium, Ostwald's dilution law, hydrolysis, pH and buffer solution, solubility product, common-ion effect, rate</div><div>constant and first order reaction.</div><div>Acid - Base Concepts: Bronsted Lowry &amp; Lewis.</div><div>Electrochemistry: Electrode potential and electro-chemical series.</div><div>Catalysis: Types and applications.</div><div>Colloids: Types and preparation, Brownian movement, Tyndall effect, coagulation and peptization.</div><div>Colligative Properties of Solution: Lowering of vapour pressure, Osmotic pressure, depression of freezing point,</div><div>elevation of boiling point, determination of molecular weight.</div><div>Periodic Table: Classification of elements on the basis of electronic configuration, properties of s,p and d block</div><div>elements, ionization potential, electronegativity &amp; electron affinity.</div><div>Preparation and Properties of the following: Hydrogen peroxide. copper sulphate, silver nitrate, plaster of</div><div>paris, borax, Mohr's salt, alums, white and red lead, microcosmic salt and bleaching powder, sodium thiosulphate.</div><div>Thermochemistry: Exothermic &amp; endothermic reactions Heat of reaction, Heat of combustion &amp; formation,</div><div>neutralisation, Hess's law.</div><div>General Organic Chemistry: Shape of organic compounds, Inductive effect, mesomeric effect, electrophiles &amp;</div><div>nucleophiles, Reaction intermediates: carboniumion, carbanions &amp; free radical, Types of organic reactions, Cannizzaro</div><div>Friedel Craft, Perkin, Aldol condensation.</div><div>Isomerism: Structural, Geometrical &amp; Optical</div><div>IUPAC: Nomenclature of simple organic compounds.</div><div>Polymers: Addition &amp; condensation polymers</div><div>Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides.</div><div>Preparation and Properties Of the Followings: Hydrocarbons, monohydric alcohols, aldehydes, ketones,</div><div>monocarboxylic acids, primary amines, benzene, nitrobenzene, aniline, phenol, benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, Grignard</div><div>Reagent.</div><div>Solid State: Structure of simple ionic compounds, Crystal imperfections (point defects only), Born-Haber cycle</div><div>Petroleum: Important industrial fractions, cracking, octane number, anti knocking compounds.</div><div>Section C, BIOLOGY</div><div>Zoology</div><div>Origin of Life: Oparin's theory, Miller's Experiment, Viruses - structure, properties, distribution, classification and</div><div>pathogenesis (Eg. AIDS, CANCER), Viroids &amp; Prions, Biotic balance.</div><div>Organic Evolution: Relationship among organisms and Evidences of organic Evolution - Principles of Evolution -</div><div>Lamarkism, Darwinism and Speciation.</div><div>Mechanism of Organic Evolution: Variations - Definition, causes and types, Mutations (Principles of Hugo</div><div>de'veries), Role of mutations in speciation. Evolution through ages and human evolution</div><div>Human Genetics and Eugenics: Human hereditary traits, study of Twins, A.B.O. blood groups and their</div><div>inheritance, Rh-factor, Sex determination. Chromosomal aberrations, Important human syndromes, Sex linked</div><div>characters and their inheritance, Applied Genetics - eugenics, euthenics, euphenics &amp; I.Q. Test.</div><div>Applied Biology: Wild life of India - Endangered species: Biosphere Reserves, National Parks and sanctuaries,</div><div>Project Tiger, Conservation of wild life, Bio-energy, Poultry, Fisheries (edible fishes), Human Population, Population</div><div>explosion, problems &amp; control. Test - Tube babies, &amp; Amniocentasis, Application of Biotechnology in human welfare.</div><div>Human Aging.</div><div>Mammalian Anatomy (Eg. Rabbit): Reproductive system (excluding embryonic development) Osteology,</div><div>structure and organization of different systems.</div><div>Animal Physiology:</div><div>(A) Animal Nutrition: Food, Balanced diet, Nutritional imbalances and deficiency diseases, Digestion, Absorption,</div><div>Assimilation of food, (comparison between human and Rabbit).</div><div>(B) Animal Excretion and Osmoregulation: Chemical nature of excretory products in various animals, Physiology of</div><div>excretion, Function of liver and kidney (Homeostatic regulatory functions of kidneys), Formation of urine,</div><div>Osmoregulation by kidneys.</div><div>(C) Respiratory system: Exchange and transport of gases (O2 and Co2) factors affecting O2 and Co2 transport,</div><div>Cellular respiration, different lung volumes, breathing and sound production.</div><div>(D) Nervous systems: Central, autonomic and peripheral nervous system, Receptors, Effectors, Reflex-action. Nature</div><div>and conduction of Nerve- impulses, Synapse, Sense organs - Structure &amp; working of Eye &amp; Ear, Biochemistry of</div><div>vision and taste buds.</div><div>(E) Endocrine System: Different endocrine glands and Hormones - definition, types, characteristics and their</div><div>functions, (in relation to human beings), Hormonal disorders and pheromones.</div><div>(F) Circulatory System: Circulation of body fluids- Blood and lymph, Open and closed vascular systems, Structure</div><div>and working physiology of Heart, Comparison between arteries and veins, Lymphatic system.</div><div>(G) Animal Diversity: Classification of Animal kingdom (Based on Storar &amp; Eusinger), Chracteristic feature of different</div><div>phyla and classes with examples.</div><div>Detailed studies of followings:</div><div>(a) Protozoa</div><div>(i) Amoeba- Habit &amp; Habitat, structure, locomotion, reproduction, Osmoregulation, Parastic amoebae -</div><div>Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba gengivalis, structure, diseases caused by them and their control</div><div>measures.</div><div>(ii) Plasmodium vivax-life-cycle, malaria therapy and control.</div><div>(iii) Protozoan and diseases</div><div>(b) Porifera: A simple sponge ( Leucosolenia); Detailed study of structure &amp; physiology, Sponge industry.</div><div>(c) Coelenterata: Hydra - Habit and Habitat, morphology, tissue differentiation in relation to physiological</div><div>division of labour and regeneration.</div><div>(d) Aschelminthes: Ascaris- morphology, life-cycle, therapy and control.</div><div>(e) Annelida: Pheretima posthuma - Bionomics and economic importance.</div><div>(f) Arthropoda: (Periplanata): Structure- external and internal.</div><div>Comparison between Periplanata and Blatta.</div><div>(i) Housefly &amp; Mosquito: structure and life – cycle</div><div>(ii) Economic importance of insets &amp; their control.</div><div>Botany</div><div>Plant Cell: Structure &amp; functions electron microscopic structured mitochondria, Plastids centrosomes. Lysosomes,</div><div>microsomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Nucleus, Golgibodes, D.N.A &amp; R.N.A. Cytoplasm, membranes and cell wall.</div><div>Protoplasm: structure, components physical and chemical properties.</div><div>Cell divison (formation) - free cell formation, Amitosis &amp; Meosis, Duplication of D.N.A.</div><div>Ecology: Ecological factors (atmospheric, edaphic, climatic, geological &amp; biotic factors).</div><div>Ecosystem: Structure, components of ecosystem eg. Water soluble minerals and gases, producers consumers,</div><div>decomposers, Pond and forest ecosystem.</div><div>Atmospheric pollution-causes and control, Types of pollution - Detergents, chemicals automobile exhaust, Radioactive</div><div>matter, Smog, sound, Pesticides.</div><div>Genetics: Mendalism, Mendals experiment and law of inheritance.</div><div>Modern Classification of plant kingdom- (according to Ostwald &amp; Tippo) (outline).</div><div>Seeds in angiospermic plants: description of development of angiospermic plants (life history of angiospermic</div><div>plants).</div><div>Fruits: Dispersal of fruits and seeds</div><div>Cell differentiation Plant Tissue: Meristimatic classification of meritimatic &amp; permanet tissue and functions and</div><div>classification of tissue system.</div><div>Anatomy of Root, stem and leaf: difference between dicot and Monocot stem. Secondary growth of stem and</div><div>root. Anatomy of hydrophytes, Xeophytes &amp; Mesophytes.</div><div>Important phylums:</div><div>Algae: Habitat, general characters &amp; uses, description of ulothrix &amp; spirogyra.</div><div>Bacteria: structure - types of nutrition, reproduction and economic importance.</div><div>Fungi: structure description of Rhizopus and yeast and their economic importance, Fermentation.</div><div>Broyophyta: structure and economic importance, description of funaria (Moss)</div><div>Pteridophyta: general structures of pteridophytes description of fern (Droypteris)</div><div>General study of gymnosperms and life history of cycas.</div><div>Classification of angiospermn,</div><div>Description of families - identification and economic importance</div><div>Cruciferae, Malvaceae, Leguminosae, compositeae, cucurbitaceae.</div><div>Soil:</div><div>Absorption of water through root hairs osmosis, Translocation and Root pressure</div><div>Nitrogen cycle.</div><div>Special modes of nutrition in plants (Autotrophic, heterotrophic, Parasites, saprophytes, Symbionts insectivorous and</div><div>their ecological relation.</div><div>Photosynthesis: Chloroplast, light, chlorophyll and Carbon dioxide, Mechanism of photosynthesis formation of</div><div>A.T.P. and their functions and importance of photosynthesis.</div><div>Transpiration: factors and importance, Mechanism of opening and closing of stomata.</div><div>Respiration: aerobic, anaerobic respiration, mechanism of respiration (Glycolysis, Kreb's cycle, E.T.S.)</div><div>Growth &amp; movement: definition of growth, Region of growth &amp; their measurements, types of movements in plants,</div><div>Growth harmone.</div><div>PAPER – 3 (AG-I, AG II &amp; AG III)</div><div>AG – I: AGRICULTURAL PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY</div><div>Agricultural Physics</div><div>Unit, measurement, Vernier, screw gauge, Force-analysis, force parallelogram, momentum of force, equilibrium of</div><div>forces, velocity and acceleration, speed, laws of motion, gravitational motion, acceleration due to gravity, circular</div><div>motion, Centrifugal and centripetal forces, pressure, Capillary force and tension, atmospheric surface-barometer,</div><div>Boyle’s law, friction and simple example of its laws, Working of common pumps, operation, performance, power and</div><div>energy, heat and temperature, radiation, convection and conduction, heat conductance, specific heat in relation to</div><div>solids, physical change in the solid due to heat, latent heat, relationship between heat and work, dewpoint, relative</div><div>humidity and its determination, formation of clouds, fogfrost, snow and halls, weather and its forecasting.</div><div>Agricultural Chemistry</div><div>Matter - solid and liquid, physical and chemical changes, element, mixture, compound, laws of chemical combination,</div><div>laws of conservation, laws of proportion, laws of gases, explanation of above laws in reference to atomic principle,</div><div>atomic laws, new &amp; old concepts, definition, simple explanation and inter-relationship of the following:</div><div>Valency, atomic weight, molecular weight, equivalent weight, structure of atom, Avogadro's hypothesis and its uses,</div><div>ionic theory, difference between atom and ion, explanation of the following with the help of ionic theory, electrolysis,</div><div>acid, alkali, salt, water, hydrolysis and neutralisations, oxidation and reduction, classification of elements.</div><div>Inorganic Chemistry: Water and its hardness, methods of treatment of hard water and soft water, occurrence of</div><div>compounds, properties and uses of the followings elements nitrogen, ammonia, nitric acid, carbon, carbondioxide,</div><div>phosphoric acid, sulphurdioxide, sulphuric acid, chlorine, hydrochloric acid. Occurrence properties, uses and their</div><div>functions in the plants of the following: Sodium, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium</div><div>bicarbonate, sodium phosphate, sodium nitrate, potassium sulphate, Calcium, calcium oxide, calcium carbonate,</div><div>calcium sulphate and calcium nitrate, Iron, sulphate and iron phosphate, aluminium, aluminium sulphate and</div><div>aluminium phosphate Nitrogen cycle, Fixation of nitrogen in the soil, function of Super-phosphate and phosphorus in</div><div>plant, nitrogen fertilizers.</div><div>Organic Chemistry: Formation of organic compounds, physical properties, nomenclature, general knowledge of the</div><div>following compounds, simple formulae, general properties and main uses, Structural formula of the following:</div><div>Hydrocarbon (saturated and unsaturated) alcohol ethylalchol and glycol, aldehyde and ketones, formaldehyde,</div><div>acetone, amine and oxide, methyl and ethylamine, urea, Acids: acetic, benzoic, lactic, Oxalic acids, fats and oils,</div><div>soap and saponification, carbohydrates, glucose, fructose, starch, simple methods of making benzene and phenol</div><div>and their properties.</div><div>AG – II: AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING AND STATISTICS</div><div>Agricultural Engineering</div><div>Properties of different materials used in agricultural implements, Classification of plough their merits, comparison,</div><div>common troubles in their operation and precautions, maintenance, assembly, cost and conparasion of cultivation</div><div>harrow, hoe, float, scraper and seed drill, draft of implements. Their measurements, factors affecting draft. Water</div><div>lifts, their discharge, capacities, command area, and cost of irrigation ( water lifts should include common water lifts</div><div>and low lift pumps ). Tillage and ploughing, types of ploughing and their merits. Types and objects tillage. Chemical</div><div>and Physical effects of tillage practices for different crops. Transmission of power through gears. Pulleys and belts,</div><div>hand operated chaff cutters, cane crusher, winnowing fan, and splad threshers.</div><div>Agricultural Statistics</div><div>Collection of data, classification and tabulation, frequency distribution, mean and their kinds, merits and demerits.</div><div>Measurements of dispersion.</div><div>AG – III: AGRONOMY &amp; AGRICULTURAL BOTANY</div><div>Agronomy</div><div>Crops: Cultivation, practices of common crops of India and their varieties..</div><div>Soils: Origin, classification and physical properties of soils, soil conservation.</div><div>Manures And Manuring: Nutrients for plants growth, uptake of N.P.K. organic and inorganic fertilizers, farmyard</div><div>and green manures, their properties and method of application, knowledge of following manures and fertilizer: FYM,</div><div>compost, urinated soil, castor and groundnut cake, ammonium sulphate, sodium nitrate, suoer phosphate, potassium</div><div>sulphate, urea, CAN ammonium chloride and mixtures.</div><div>Irrigation &amp; Drainage: Methods, measurement and type of irrigation and drainage systems, Cultivation practices of</div><div>common vegetable and fruit crops.</div><div>Agricultural Botany</div><div>External morphology of plants, function and modification of stem, root and leaves, structure and function of different</div><div>parts of flower, type of inflorescence, pollen and pollination, classification, structure, germination and disperasal of</div><div>seeds, type of function and their dispersal, internal morphology of plant cell, reproductive organs of angiosperms,</div><div>knowledge of structure of rlltharis, Absorption, Respiration, Transpiration and carbon assimilation, root pressure,</div><div>Translocation of foods and storage, Introductory knowledge of Taxonomy and plant kingdom specilly Regional and</div><div>Horticultural plants laminaries, Cruciferease, Leguminaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Solonaceae, Malbaceae, Elementry</div><div>Knowledge of mosses, ferns, mucors, bacteria.</div><div>PAPER – 4 (APTITUDE TEST FOR ARCHITECTURE)</div><div>Part – A: Mathematics &amp; Aesthetic Sensitivity</div><div>MATHEMATICS</div><div>Algebra: Sets relations &amp; functions, De-Morgan's Law, Mapping Inverse relations, Equivalence relations, Peano's</div><div>axioms, Definition of rationals and integers through equivalence relation, Indices and surds, Solutions of</div><div>simultaneous and quadratic equations, A.P., G.P. and H.P., Special sums i.e. ;n2 and ;n3 (n;N ), Partial fraction,</div><div>Binomial theorem for any index, exponential series, Logarithm and Logarithmic series. Determinants and their use in</div><div>solving simultaneous linear equations, Matrices, Algebra of matrices, Inverse of a matrix, Use of matrix for solving</div><div>equations.</div><div>Probability: Definition, Dependent and independent events, Numerical problem on addition and multiplication,</div><div>theorem of probability.</div><div>Trigonometry: Identities, Trigonometric equations, properties of triangles, solution of triangles, heights and</div><div>distances, Inverse function, Complex numbers and their properties, Cube roots of unity, De-Moivre's theorem.</div><div>Co-ordinate Geometry: Pair of straight lines, Circles, General equation of second degree, parabola, ellipse and</div><div>hyperbola, tracing of conics.</div><div>Calculus: Limits &amp; continuity of functions, Differentiation of function of function, tangents &amp; normal, Simple</div><div>examples of Maxima &amp; Minima, Indeterminate forms, Integration of function by parts, by substitution and by partial</div><div>fraction, definite integral, application to volumes and surfaces of frustums of sphere, cone and cylinder. Differential</div><div>equations of first order and of first degree.</div><div>Vectors : Algebra of vectors, scalar and vector products of two and three vectors and their applications.</div><div>Dynamics : Velocity, composition of velocity, relative velocity, acceleration, composition of accelerations, Motion</div><div>under gravity, Projectiles, Laws of motion, Principles of conservation of momentum and energy, direct impact of</div><div>smooth bodies.</div><div>Statics: Composition of coplanar, concurrent and parallel forces moments and couples resultant of set of coplanar</div><div>forces and condition of equilibrium, determination of centroid in simple cases, Problems involving friction.</div><div>Aesthetic sensitivity</div><div>Aesthetic sensitivity Test is aimed to evaluate a candidate for aesthetic Perception, Imagination, and</div><div>Observation; Creativity and Communication; and Architectural awareness.</div><div>- Visualizing three dimensional objects from two dimensional drawings</div><div>- Visualizing different sides / surfaces of three dimensional objects.</div><div>- Identifying commonly used materials and objects based on their textural qualities.</div><div>- Analytical Reasoning</div><div>- Mental Ability</div><div>- Imaginative comprehension and expression</div><div>- Architectural awareness</div><div>Part- B: Drawing Aptitude</div><div>The Drawing Aptitude Test is aimed to evaluate a candidate for his understanding of Scale and Proportion; sense of</div><div>perspective, colour and; understanding of the effects of light on objects through shades and shadows</div><div>- Ability to sketch a given object proportionately and rendering the same in visually appealing manner</div><div>- Visualising and drawing the effects of light on the objects and their shadow cast on the surroundings.</div><div>- Sense of Perspective Drawing</div><div>- Combining and composing given three dimensional elements to form a building or structural form</div><div>- Creating interesting two dimensional compositions using given shapes or planner forms</div><div>- Creating visual harmony using colours in given composition</div><div>- Understanding of scale and sense of proportion</div><div>PAPER – 5 (APTITUDE TEST FOR GENERAL AWARENESS (BHMCT/BFAD))</div><div>(A) Reasoning &amp; Logical Deduction:</div><div>- Geometrical designs &amp; Identification</div><div>- Selection of related letters / words / numbers / figures</div><div>- Identification of odd thing / item out from a group</div><div>- Completion of numerical series based on the pattern / logic</div><div>- Fill in the blanks of the series based on the numerical pattern and logic of the series</div><div>- Syllogisms (logic based questions), Identification of logic &amp; selection of correct answers based on the logic</div><div>(B) Numerical Ability &amp; Scientific Aptitude:</div><div>- Arithmetical questions up to 10th standard</div><div>- Calculation of fraction, percentages, square roots etc.</div><div>- Profit &amp; Loss and Interest calculations</div><div>- Data / Table analysis, Graph &amp; Bar Diagram and Pie Chart analysis</div><div>- Questions related to common use of science (Physics &amp; Chemistry)</div><div>- Health &amp; Nutrition</div><div>(C) General Knowledge:</div><div>- Current affairs / Events (Political, Social, Cultural &amp; Economics)</div><div>- Historical events</div><div>- Geography including Tourist Places / Spots</div><div>- Current affairs relating to Business &amp; Trade</div><div>- Countries &amp; Currencies</div><div>- Latest Who's Who?</div><div>- Sports &amp; Games</div><div>(D) English Language:</div><div>- Word Meanings</div><div>- Antonyms &amp; Synonyms</div><div>- Meaning of Phrases &amp; Idioms</div><div>- Fill in the blanks</div><div>- Complete / Improvement of the sentences with correct use of Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs &amp; Adjectives</div><div>- Reading comprehension's followed by questions</div><div>PAPER – 6 (APTITUDE TEST FOR DIPLOMA HOLDERS IN ENGINEERING)</div><div>Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Graphics, Basic Electrical Engg., Basic Electronics Engg., Elements of</div><div>computer science, Elementry Biology, Basic Workshop Practice and Physics/Chemistry/Maths of Diploma</div><div>standard.</div><div>PAPER – 7 (APTITUDE TEST FOR DIPLOMA HOLDERS IN PHARMACY)</div><div>1. Pharmaceutics-I</div><div>2. Pharmaceutical Chemistry - I</div><div>3. Pharmacognosy</div><div>4. Biochemistry and Clinical Pathology</div><div>5. Human Anatomy and Physiology</div><div>6. Health Education &amp; Community Pharmacy</div><div>7. Pharmaceutics - II</div><div>8. Pharmaceutical Chemistry - II</div><div>9. Harmacology and Toxicology</div><div>10. Pharmaceutical Jurisprudence</div><div>11. Drug Store and Business management</div><div>12. Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy</div><div>PAPER – 8 (APTITUDE TEST FOR B.SC. GRADUATE IN ENGINEERING)</div><div>Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.</div><div>Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial</div><div>Derivatives, Maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series. Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line,</div><div>Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.</div><div>Differential equations: First order equation (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with</div><div>constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value</div><div>problems, Linear partial differential equations with constant coefficients of 2nd order and their classifications and</div><div>variable separable method.</div><div>Complex variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’ series,</div><div>Residue theorem, solution integrals.</div><div>Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard</div><div>deviation, Random variables, Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distribution,</div><div>Correlation and regression analysis.</div><div>Fourier Series: Periodic functions, Trignometric series, Fourier series of period 2p , Eulers formulae, Functions</div><div>having arbitrary period, Change of interval, Even and odd functions, Half range sine and cosine series.</div><div>Transform Theory: Laplace transform, Laplace transform of derivatives and integrals, Inverse Laplace transform,</div><div>Laplace transform of periodic functions, Convolution theorem, Application to solve simple linear and simultaneous</div><div>differential equations.</div><div>Fourier integral, Fourier complex transform, Fourier sine and cosine transforms and applications to simple heat</div><div>transfer equations.</div><div>Z- transform and its application to solve difference equations.</div>