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Hi this is Priyanjali, an education counselor with expertise in higher education in Canada...
Education System In Canada
Canadian Education System encompasses both public and private colleges, including: technical institutes, career colleges, language ,Secondary Colleges.Canada is no less in Quality then its compitetors UK and USA.It also has good study Infrastructure.
Education is a provincial responsibility under the Canadian constitution, which means there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces. However, education is important to Canadians, and standards across the country are uniformly high.
In general, Canadian children attend kindergarten for one or two years at the age of four or five on a voluntary basis. All children begin Grade One at about six years of age. The school year normally runs from September through the following June but in some instances, January intake dates are possible. Secondary schools go up to Grades 11 or 12, depending on the province. From there, students may attend university, college or Cégep studies. Cégep is a French acronym for College of General and Vocational Education, and is two years of general or three years of technical education between high school and university.
The province of Quebec has the Cégep system.
High Quality Education
Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, but you will find quality institutions across the country. When choosing your school in Canada, consider the type, size and location of the institution. If you are interested in a particular area of study, investigate which schools have more to offer in that discipline.
Similar to other countries, attending preschool is not mandatory in Canada as well. Further, you can find many private institutions indulged in providing playschool and preschool education. Generally, school in Canada begins at the age of 4 or 5 years with kindergarten. Even kindergarten is voluntary, which may or may not be attended by children. Compulsory education starts from grade 1 until grade 6, termed as elementary school. Thereafter, students graduate to middle school or junior high school for 2 years. Provinces where middle school does not exist, elementary education extends till grade 8. In Quebec, grades 1-6 are considered elementary school, following which students right away move to secondary/high school.
After the successful completion of middle school, students enter secondary school, often known as high school, for grades 9 through 12, though this may vary from province to province. In regions where schools run middle school and junior high school, grades 7 and 8 are also included in secondary school. Say, for instance, high school covers grades 7 to 11 in Quebec, after which students go to CEGEP (Collège d'enseignement général et professionnel or College of General and Vocational Education) before applying to universities.
Post Secondary Education
Postsecondary education in Canada is offered by four different kinds of educational institutions, namely, universities, university colleges, community colleges or technical institutes, and career colleges. Depending upon the course and degree, under graduation can take 3-5 years for completion. Every academic year is divided into two semesters, running between September and May. However, institutions may also follow the trimester system, with admissions taking place in January and/or May as well as in September
Basically public funded, Canadian universities offer high levels of education at relatively lower tuition fee, for foreign students. A wide range of programs and degrees are offered by universities, right from undergraduate to doctoral level. They also provide certificate and professional degrees.
Both degree and professional diploma/certificate programs are offered by such institutions. Since they fall under the administration of the university system, students can expect strong support in terms of services, classes, and campus environment. University colleges also honor students with degree/diploma programs as well as university transfer programs.
Community Colleges & Technical Institutes
Mostly diplomas and certificates are granted by these colleges, instead of degrees. They offer several advantages, some of them being small classes, off-campus course studying, and a high interaction with teachers. Students get an opportunity of tasting the industry as these institutes highly focus on training and assist in making arrangements for the same.
As the name suggests, these institutes emphasize largely on job oriented programs, to help the students develop practical skills and enhance their knowledge. As such, specializations are offered pertaining to the professional skills acquired by a particular student. Even though there are private educational institutions, but the standards and quality of the programs offered are made sure of. Besides, they are approved and regulated by education authorities and accreditation bodies, which make it more convenient for increasing number of students taking admission.
After the students complete their under graduation and earn their bachelor’s degree, they become eligible for pursuing master’s degree. Graduate degrees are a level higher than undergraduate degrees and require at least 1 or 2 years for completion. While a one-year program is a course-based program, the two-year program is a research-based complete program.
To pursue a doctoral program, Canadian universities look for extremely talented and proficient students who are willing to stay committed towards the research and excel at academics. Only students who have completed their master’s degree and research papers with flying results can apply for doctoral programs. Although the minimum length of the doctoral program in 3 years, this is often not possible and extends up till 4 years.
Different types of degrees and certificates are awarded to students on completion of various courses and programs. Certificates are presented to students who successfully complete programs of one-year duration, usually offered at colleges. A diploma, on the other hand, is awarded on certain criteria of completing one or two years of study, at colleges. Undergraduate or bachelor’s program runs for four years of full-time study, resulting in the earning of a bachelor’s degree. Successful completion of one or two years, post a bachelor’s degree, awards students with a graduate, post graduate, or master’s degree. A minimum study of three years at a university or university college makes a student eligible for earning a doctoral degree or PhD, after receiving a master’s degree.
Let me know in case of any queries related to Canadian education...
Last edited by priya12; 7th October 2011 at 05:30 PM.