as i am appearing in AMIE sec#b(Elect and telecom+instrumentation) i want to know the best books for the following subjects(specially the book written by indian author which are easy to understand)
for reference i am posting the syllb also..............also note that all syllab is not available in one book.............
1.Communication Engineering
Group A
Field theory: Fields, vector calculus, gradient, Divergence, curl, Gauss's laws. Stoke' theorem, Helmholtz Theorem. Electric field intensity and potential, conducting Boundaries, coaxial cylinders, Poisson's equations and Laplace equation. Ampere's circuital law, differential equation for vector potential. Magnetic polarization and field intensity, boundary conditions for Band H. Faraday's law. Time varying fields, displacement current. Maxwell's equations in differential and integral forms.
Communication preliminaries. Signal representation in frequency and time domain. Fourier transforms, power Spectrum, energy density spectrum. ,Direct delta function. Orthogonal representatives of signals (Gram Schmidt Procedure), autocorrelation, sampling theressare (Nyquist criterion). Random signal theory. Discrete probability theory, continuous random variables, probability density functions, ergodic processes, correlation function, spectral density, white noise.
Noise: Atmospheric, thermal, shot and partition noise, noise figure and experimental determination of noise figure, minimum noise figures in networks. Analog communication. Modulation theory and circuits. Amplitude modulation, AM-DSB, AM-DSB/SC, AM-SSB and their comparison. Modulating and detector circuits for AM, FM and phase modulation~ Automatic frequency control. Pulse modulation. PAM, PDM, PPM, PCM, delta modulation and circuits. Principle multiplexing FDM and TDM.
Group B
Transmission through network: Networks with random input, auto-correlations, special density and probability density input-output relationships, envelope of sine wave plus Gaussian noise, optimum systems and nonlinear systems. Maximum signal to noise ratio' criterion. Minimum mean square error criteria, equivalent noise bandwidth. SNR in envelope detectors and PCM systems. Comparison of modulation systems.
Digital communication: Basic information theory: Definition of information, entropy, uncertainty and information, rate of communication, redundancy, relation between systems capacity and information content of messages, discrete systems, discrete noisy channel, channel coding.
Introduction to digital communication, quantization, PCM, log-PCM, DM, DPCM, AD, PCM and LPC for speech signals, TOM. Baseband transmission, optimum detection, matched filter, optimum terminal filters. LSI pulse shapes for controlled ISI, line codes; digital RF modulation. Modems, performance of digital modulation systems. Synchronization. Timing recovery.
2.Circuit theory and control
Group A
Graph of a network. Concept of tree, concepts of loop current and node pair voltage, circuits cut-set and cut-set matrices, formulation of equilibrium equations of the loop and node basis. Mesh and nodal analysis.
Laplace transform. Transient response using Laplace transform. Initial and final value theorems. Unit step, impulse, ramp functions. Laplace transform for shifted and' singular functions.
The convolution integral, Fourier series, complex exponential form of the Fourier series. The frequency spectra of periodic waveforms and their relationship to Laplace transform.
The concept of complex frequency, transform impedance and admittance; series .and parallel combinations. Frequency response, coupled circuits.
Terminals and terminal pairs, driving point impedance, transfer functions, poles and zeros, restrictions on pole and zero locations in s-plane. Analysis of 1-port and 2-port networks. Time domain behavior from pole and zero plot, sinusoidal network functions in terms of poles and zeros. Resonance, Q and bandwidth of a circuit.
Introduction to synthesis of passive networks: Butterworths, Chebyshev and Bessel type low pass, high pass, band pass and band rejection filters.
Group B
Introduction: Basic concepts and symbols, open loop and closed loop systems, effects of feedback. Concepts of linear and nonlinear systems. Definition of transfer function. Block diagram representation. Signal flow graphs.
Servo components: Mathematical modelling and simulation of dynamic systems. Synchros, potentiometers, gyros. d.c. and a.c. servomotors. d.c.. and a.c. tachogenerators. Power and preamplifiers. Modulators and demodulators. Position and speed control systems.
Time response: Typical test input' signals. Time domain performance of first and second order systems to impulse, step, ramp and sinusoidal inputs. Definition of error coefficients and steady state error.
Stability: Routh-Hurwitz criteria.
Frequency response: Frequency domain specifications. Bode plots. Polar plots.
Regulators and controllers. Proportional, PI and PID controllers.
3.MICROPROCESSOR AND MICRO CONTROLLERS
Group A
Microprocessor architecture and microcomputer systems, memory systems, input and output devices. Number systems-binary, hexadecimal and BCD numbers, 2s complement and arithmetic operations.
8085 microprocessor architecture. Memory interfacing address decoding techniques, memory read and write operations. Memory map. Interfacing I/O devices- Memory-mapped I/O and I/O mapped I/O. Polled and interrupt modes of data transfer. 8085 interrupts, direct memory access. Introduction to 16-bit microprocessor using 8086 as an example. Concept of debugger and MASM/T ASM for PC assembly language programming.
Peripheral devices. 8255 programmable peripheral interface, 8253 programmable counter timer, serial communication with SID and SOD, 8251 programmable communication interface, 8259 programmable interrupt controller, keyboard and display devices.
8085 assembly language programming: 8085 instructions-addressing modes. Stack and subroutines. 8085 programmer's model-CPU registers. Addition, subtraction and multiplication routines. Software delay and counting routines. Logical operations. Analog and digital I/O interface routines-ADC and DAC.
Software development systems: Assemblers and cross assemblers.
Microprocessor applications. Microprocessor based system design aids and trouble-shooting techniques.
Group B
Introduction to microcontroller: Comparison of various microcontrollers. 8051 microcontroller architecture. Bi-directional data ports, internal ROM and RAM, counters/timers. Oscillator and clock.
8051 registers. Memory organisations-program memory and data memory, internal RAM and bit addressable memory, special functions, registers, memory map.
External memory systems and I/O interface. Accessing external program memory, accessing external data memory, available I/O ports during external memory access. Alternate ports functions. Serial interface. 8051 interrupts. Power down modes.
8051 assembly language programming. 8051instruction sets, addressing modes, bit level operations. Arithmetic routines, counting and timing under interrupt control, keyboard and display interface routines, accessing lookup tables.
Software development systems. Assemblers and simulators. Microcontroller based system design and applications.
4.Electronic circuits
Group A
Biasting techniques of BJT and FETs; Bias stability; Self-bias, hybrid II model of BJT and 'high frequency response.
Single stage amplifiers-bipolar amplifiers, CE, CB, CC configurations, characteristics, gain, h-parameters, analysis using h-parameters. FET amplifiers.
Multistage amplifiers-classification, distortion, frequency response, step response, RC-coupled amplifiers, transformer coupled amplifiers.
Feedback amplifiers-concept, gain with feedback, negative feedback-example of Boot strapped CE amplifier, advantages and limitations, input and output impedance; voltage-series, voltage-shunt, current -series, current-shunt feedback amplifiers.
Stability and oscillators-condition of oscillation, sinusoidal oscillator, phase shift oscillator, resonant circuit oscillator, Wein bridge oscillator, crystal oscillator, stability of frequency.
Operational amplifiers-differential amplifiers, transfer characteristics, IC op-amp functions, frequency response, step response; introduction to analog computer.
Power amplifiers-class A, B, AB, C amplifiers. Distortion, efficiency, push-pull principle, power supply half wave, full wave, ripple factors, filters, regulation.
Group B
Introduction, binary numbers, binary codes.
Boolean algebra-functions and expressions, gates- OR, AND, NOT, NOR, NAND, De Morgan's theorem, laws and theorems.
Minimization of logical functions-Karnaugh map.
Arithmetic circuits-Ex-OR gate, half adder, full adder, subtraction, code conversion, etc. Basic gate structures-RTL, DTL, Tll.., ECL, MOS, CMOS.
Flip-flops-RS, T, RST, D, JK, Schmidt trigger, astable, monostable:
Counter techniques-Ripple counter, parallel counter.
BCD counter, synchronous counter, ring counter.
Shift registers, memory.
D/ A and A/D converters.
5.DESIGN OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS
Group A
Introduction to linear ICs. Operational amplifiers and their basic applications; audio/radio/video ICs and their specifications.
Power supplies. Rectifiers, filters and electronic stabilization circuits, considerations regarding ripple, regulation and efficiency, short circuit protection; polyphase rectifiers, electronic converters, applications in industry. Introduction to UPS.
IC voltage regulators. Positive and negative voltage regulators, adjustable voltage regulators, high current short circuit protected regulators, dual tracking regulations, programmable supply, current regulators, witching regulators, fold back current limited and shutdown Circuits.
Amplifiers: Inverting amplifiers, non-inverting amplifiers, differential amplifiers, integrator and differentiator, logarithmic amplifiers and multipliers, filters, voltage to frequency converters, sample and hold circuit, high input impedance amplifiers, instrumentation amplifiers, sensing amplifiers and comparators, zero crossing detector.
Group B
Oscillators. Expression for oscillation frequency and conditions for maintenance of oscillations, sine wave oscillators, multivibrators, function generators, voltage controlled oscillators, crystal oscillators.
Communication circuits. RF and IF amplifiers, video amplifiers, AM detectors, balanced modulators and demodulators, phase locked loop, FM demodulation, frequency shift keying, frequency multiplication.
Digital systems. Frequency counters, A/D and D/A converters, digital voltmeters, programmable digital generators, frequency synthesizer. Design of ALU.
6.SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS
Group A
Functional description of instrumentation systems. Performance characteristics-static and dynamic, time and frequency responses.
Electrical passive transducers. Hot wire anemometers and associated circuit, LVDT and phase-sensitive: detection, variable reluctance type transducers and associated circuits. Capacitive microphone and associated circuits.
Magnetostrictive transducers: Magnetostrictive materials and their application to measurement of force.. Hall transducers: principles and applications.
Thermocouple, semiconductor-type temperature sensors.
Piezoelectric transducers: Piezoelectric crystal and its properties, sensitive coefficients, ferroelectric materials, bimorph, charge amplifiers, measurement of force.
Group B
Signal conditioning: Push-pull arrangement and reduction of non-linearity. Linearizing circuits and their applications. Differential amplifiers, instrumentation amplifiers, logarithmic amplifiers. Sources of noise and their reduction, grounding and shielding techniques.
Special transducers: Digital shaft encoders. DC and AC tachogenerators, synchros.
Actuators and servos: DC and AC servomotors, step motors. Elastic transducers: Springs bellows, diaphragms, Bourdon tubes-their characteristics and applications, combination of elastic and electrical transducers. Pneumatic sensors.
7.INDUSTRIAL INSTRUMENTATION AND COMPUTER CONTROL
Group A
Ultrasonic devices and their applications for sensing and non-destructive testing.
Radio isotopes and their applications. Radio isotope sources, nucleonic detectors, ionization chambers, proportional-Geiger Mueller-and scintillation-counters. Ionization gauges and nucleonic gauges for measurement of thickness, density, pressure, flow, etc.
Optical transducers: LDR, LEDs, lasers, photodiodes, photomultiplier tubes, IR and UV detectors. Applications to industrial and pollution measurement. Introduction to optical fibre based sensors.
Microwave sensors: Doppler shift technique for velocity measurement.
Sampling techniques for liquids and gases for analysis purposes. Gas analysis, gas chromatography, thermal conductivity method, heat of reaction method.
Paramagnetic oxygen meters.
Group B
Humidity and moisture measurement, measurement of viscosity, pH measurement, electrical conductivity measurement.
Spectrochemical analysis: Mass spectrometry, emission spectrometry, absorption spectrometry.
Different types of digital control. Single loop and multiloop, direct digital control, software implementation of multiloop controllers. Sequence control: Programmable logic controllers, relay ladder logic programming.
Supervisory control: Functionality, process optimization, process monitoring. Man-machine interfaces. On-line computer control of processes.
8.CONTROL SYSTEMS
Group A
Frequency response techniques: Nyquist criteria—the principle of argument, the Nyquist path; Nyquist criteria for stability, effect of addition of poles and zeros on the shape of Nyquist locus.
Relative stability: Determination of gain margin and phase margin from Nyquist and Bode plots. Constant M and N loci in the G-plane; Nichol's charts. Application of Nichol's charts.
State space techniques: State variable analysis o! dynamical systems, canonical forms, controllability and observability, stability. Introduction to optimal control quadratic performance index and regulator problems.
Group B
Compensation techniques: Specifications of control systems in time and frequency domains. Series compensations—lag, lead and lag-lead design using Bode plots. Linear system design by state variable feedback.
Discrete data systems: Z-transforms and inverse Z transforms, stability-unit circle, bilinear transform, Jury' stability criterion. Difference equations. Types of digital control of plants.
Nonlinear elements and systems: Phase-plane an< describing function methods. Stability analysis am Liapunov's method.
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