Gender: : Female
City : PatialaSend Friend Request
The nature of the public network has changed. Demand for Internet Protocol (IP) data is growing at a compound annual rate of between 100% and 800%1, while voice demand remains stable. What was once a predominantly circuit switched network handling mainly circuit switched voice traffic has become a circuit-switched network handling mainly IP data. Because the nature of the traffic is not well matched to the underlying technology, this network is proving very costly to scale. User spending has not increased proportionally to the rate of bandwidth increase, and carrier revenue growth is stuck at the lower end of 10% to 20% per year. The result is that carriers are building themselves out of business.
Over the last 10 years, as data traffic has grown both in importance and volume, technologies such as frame relay, ATM, and Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) have been developed to force fit data onto the circuit network. While these protocols provided virtual connections—a useful approach for many services—they have proven too inefficient, costly and complex to scale to the levels necessary to satisfy the insatiable demand for data services. More recently, Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) has been adopted by many network service providers as a way to network user data without the burden of SONET/SDH and ATM. GigE has shortcomings when applied in carrier networks were recognized and for these problems, a technology called Resilient Packet Ring Technology were developed.
RPR retains the best attributes of SONET/SDH, ATM, and Gigabit Ethernet. RPR is optimized for differentiated IP and other packet data services, while providing uncompromised quality for circuit voice and private line services. It works in point-to-point, linear, ring, or mesh networks, providing ring survivability in less than 50 milliseconds. RPR dynamically and statistically multiplexes all services into the entire available bandwidth in both directions on the ring while preserving bandwidth and service quality guarantees on a per-customer, per-service basis. And it does all this at a fraction of the cost of legacy SONET/SDH and ATM solutions.
Download report on Resilient Packet Ring from the attachment below
- Paper Presentation and Seminar on BLUETOOTH Technology
- LaGrande Technology PDF PPT Seminar Report & Paper Presentation
- Havi Technology Paper Presentation & Seminar PDF Download
- Paper Presentation & Seminar On 3G WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY PDF Download
- Paper Presentation: Image compression using wavelet packet transform and vector quantization
Gender: : Male
Branch: : Instrumentation Engineering
City : AhmedabadSend Friend Request
This simple design has been used for decades as a rudimentary method of passing current into a rotating device. Some other names used for slipring are collector ring, rotary electrical contact and "electrical slip ring". Some people also use the term commutator, however commutators are somewhat different and are specialized for use on DC motors and generators.
rotaryjoint rotary joints