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This is AUTOMOTIVE FUELS AND LUBRICANTS pdf, covered all units...................
UNIT I MANUFACTURE OF FUELS AND LUBRICANTS
Fuels, Structure of petroleum, refining process, thermal and catalytic cracking,products of refining process, manufacture of lubricating oil base stocks and finished automotive lubricants.
UNIT II FUELS FOR I.C. ENGINES
Types of Fuels, Liquid and gaseous fuels, heating value of fuels, higher and lower heating values, chemical structure of hydro-carbons SI Engine fuels, Volatility characteristics, desirable characteristics of SI Engine fuels, knock rating and additives, alternate fuels for SI engines. CI engine fuels, desirable characteristics, cetane rating, alternate fuels for CI engines, biodiesels.
UNIT III COMBUSTION OF FUELS
Stoichiometry - calculation of theoretically correct air required for combustion of liquid and gaseous fuels, volumetric and gravimetric analysis of the dry products of combustion, mass of dry gas per kg of fuel burnt, mass of carbon in the exhaust gas, mass of carbon burnt to carbon-monoxide per kg of fuel, heat loss due to incomplete combustion, exhaust gas analysis by Orsat apparatus.
UNIT IV THEORY OF LUBRICATION
Engine friction: introduction, total engine friction, effect of engine variables on friction, hydrodynamic lubrication, elasto hydrodynamic lubrication, boundary lubrication, Hydrostatic lubrication bearing lubrication, functions of the lubrication system.
UNIT V LUBRICANTS
Specific requirements for automotive lubricants, oxidation deterioration and
degradation of lubricants, additives and additive mechanism, synthetic lubricants, classification of lubricating oils, properties of lubricating oils, tests on lubricants. Grease, classification, properties, testing of grease.
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